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Tytuł pozycji:

[The captopril test--an aid in the detection of scarring nephropathy as a cause of arterial hypertension in children].

Tytuł :
[The captopril test--an aid in the detection of scarring nephropathy as a cause of arterial hypertension in children].
Autorzy :
Peco-Antić A; University Children's Hospital, Belgrade.
Nastić-Mirić D
Babić D
Kostić M
Pokaż więcej
Transliterated Title :
Kaptoprilski test--pomoć u otkrevanju oziljene nefropatije kao uzroka arterijske hipertenzije kod dece.
Źródło :
Srpski arhiv za celokupno lekarstvo [Srp Arh Celok Lek] 1999 Sep-Oct; Vol. 127 (9-10), pp. 305-11.
Typ publikacji :
English Abstract; Journal Article
Język :
Imprint Name(s) :
Publication: Beograd : Srpski Lekarski Drustvo
Original Publication: Belgrade.
MeSH Terms :
Antihypertensive Agents*
Hypertension, Renal/*diagnosis
Adolescent ; Blood Pressure/drug effects ; Child ; Cicatrix/complications ; Diagnosis, Differential ; Female ; Humans ; Kidney/pathology ; Male ; Renin/blood ; Vesico-Ureteral Reflux/complications
Substance Nomenclature :
0 (Antihypertensive Agents)
9G64RSX1XD (Captopril)
EC (Renin)
Entry Date(s) :
Date Created: 20000129 Date Completed: 20000210 Latest Revision: 20151119
Update Code :
Czasopismo naukowe
Renal scarring with and without vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) has been now recognized as an important cause of paediatric hypertension for many years [1-5]. However, its pathogenesis has still remained uncleared. The widespread concept implicated the activation of renin-angiotensin system finding a powerfull support in higher peripheral plasma renin activity (PRA) in children with reflux nephropathy than in controls [6, 7] and in beneficial antihypertensive effects of ACE inhibitors. The latter, in form of captopril, has also been used in captopril test and in renal scintigraphy and isotope renography following the administration of captopril to provide evidence for renin dependent hypertension [8, 9]. Published studies of captopril test have centred on the identification of renovascular as opposed to essential hypertension [10-18, 20-22]. The aim of our study was to assess the usefulness of captopril test in differentiation between hypertensive children with renal scarring from those with essential hypertension. We studied blood pressure (BP) and PRA responses to a single dose of captopril in two groups of hypertensive children. Group A consisted of 29 patients, 14 boys and 15 girls, who had renal scaring as demonstrated by renal 99mTc dimercaptosuccinid acid scan (99m Tc DMSA) and/or intravenous pyelography. Group B included 19 patients, 19 boys and 10 girls who had arterial hypertension, while clinical examination excluded renal and other definable causes of BP elevation, and they were therefore considered to have essential hypertension. At the time of the study all patients had normal glomerular filtration rate and were not salt depleted. They did not receive any antihypertensive medication for at least two weeks. The test was performed in the morning in fasting sitting patients. At the start of the test a small vein in the hand or forearm was cannulated to permit blood sampling. BP was measured 10, 20, and 30 minutes before captopril administration to get baseline BP (mean of these three measurements) and to allow the children to become accustomed to the test procedure. A single oral dose of captopril 0.64 +/- 0.04 mg/kg body weight was given to patients from group A and almost the same dose of captopril, 0.63 +/- 0.05 mg/kg body weight, to patients from group B. The patients remained sitting and BP was measured every 15 minutes during an hour. Blood for PRA was drown in the sitting position (17 patients from group A and 16 patients from group B) before and one hour after the dose of captopril. Samples of blood for basal PRA were collected from 16 patients from group A and in 14 patients from in B in lying position after waking up in the morning. PRA was measured by radioimmunoassay using a commercially available kit, SB-REN 2, from CIS Bio International. According to the criteria of Muller et al. [10] the captopril test was positive if the post-captopril PRA (ng/ml/h) was greater than or equal to 12 with an increase of greater than or equal to 10 and relative increase of greater than or equal to 15% (400% if initial PRA was < 3). The results of our study are presented in Tables 1 and 2 and in Graphs 1 and 2. The age of patients, doses of captopril, initial BP and PRA before the use of captopril did not much differ between studied groups. Fall of BP and PRA increase were highly significant (p < 0.001) both in group A and group B. However, the hypotensive reaction of diastolic BP and MAP were more pronounced in group A (14.45 +/- 1.67% and 15.81 +/- 1.62%) than in group B (6.95 +/- 2.21% and 8.96 +/- 1.75%; p < 0.01), but there were no significant differences in PRA and systolic BP changes and positive results of captopril test between the studied groups. Hypotensive responses of diastolic BP and MAP greater than 10% of initial values were found to be more frequent in group A (79.32% and 79.31%) than in group B (26.61% and 31.57 degrees %; p < 0.001 and p < 0.01). Diastolic BP and MAP were directly related to the dose of cap

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