The physiological and ultrastructural properties of muscle fiber.s comprising three motor units in the gastric mill of blue crabs are described. In their contractile properties muscle fibers in all motor units are similar and resemble the slow type fibers in crustacean limb muscles. The majority of fibers generate large excitatory post-synaptic potentials which do not facilitate strongly. Structurally two types of fibers are found. The one type has long sarcomeres (greater than 6 mum), thin to thick myofilament ratios of 5-6:1 and diads located near the ends of the A-band. The other type has shorter sarcomeres (less than 6 mum), thin to thick myofilament ratios of 3:1 and diads located at mid sarcomere level. Both types of fibers occur within a single motor unit and this differs from the vertebrate situation. Furthermore, the finding of fibers with a low thin to thick myofilament ratio of 3:1 demonstrates that they are not exclusive to fast type crustacean muscle but also occur in slow stomach muscles.