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Tytuł pozycji:

How large are the extinct giant insular rodents? New body mass estimations from teeth and bones.

Tytuł :
How large are the extinct giant insular rodents? New body mass estimations from teeth and bones.
Autorzy :
Moncunill-Solé B; Catalan Institute of Paleontology Miquel Crusafont, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Bellaterra, Spain.
Jordana X; Catalan Institute of Paleontology Miquel Crusafont, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Bellaterra, Spain.
Marín-Moratalla N; Catalan Institute of Paleontology Miquel Crusafont, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Bellaterra, Spain.
Moyà-Solà S; ICREA at Catalan Institute of Paleontology Miquel Crusafont, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Bellaterra, Spain.
Köhler M; ICREA at Catalan Institute of Paleontology Miquel Crusafont, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Bellaterra, Spain.; Department of Ecology, University of Barcelona, Spain.
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Źródło :
Integrative zoology [Integr Zool] 2014 Mar; Vol. 9 (2), pp. 197-212.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Język :
English
Imprint Name(s) :
Publication: 2012-: Richmond, Vic., Australia : Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd
Original Publication: 2006-2012: [Oxford, England] : Blackwell Publishing
MeSH Terms :
Biological Evolution*
Body Size*
Fossils*
Islands*
Rodentia/*anatomy & histology
Animals ; Body Weights and Measures ; Bone and Bones/anatomy & histology ; Ecosystem ; Models, Biological ; Regression Analysis ; Species Specificity ; Tooth/anatomy & histology
Contributed Indexing :
Keywords: Canariomys; Hypnomys; Muscardinus cyclopeus; body mass; island rule
Entry Date(s) :
Date Created: 20140329 Date Completed: 20141117 Latest Revision: 20170829
Update Code :
20210210
DOI :
10.1111/1749-4877.12063
PMID :
24673763
Czasopismo naukowe
The island rule entails a modification of the body size of insular mammals, a character related with numerous biological and ecological variables. From the Miocene to human colonization (Holocene), Mediterranean and Canary Islands were unaltered natural ecosystems, with paleofaunas formed with endemic giant rodents among other mammals. Our aim is to create methods to estimate the body masses of fossil island rodents and address the nature of ecological pressures driving the island rule. We created regression equations based on extant rodent data and used these to estimate the body masses of the extinct species. Our results show strong correlations between teeth, cranial and postcranial measurements and body mass, except for the length of the long bones, the transversal diameter of the distal tibia and the anteroposterior diameter of the proximal tibia, where the equations were less reliable. The use of equations obtained from a more homogeneous group (suborder and family) is preferable when analyzing the area of the first molar. The new regressions were applied to estimate the body masses of some Mediterranean and Canarian fossil rodents (Canariomys, C. bravoi 1.5 kg and C. tamarani 1 kg; Hypnomys, H. morpheus 230 g and H. onicensis 200 g; and Muscardinus cyclopeus 100 g). Our results indicate that under absence of predation, resource availability (island area) is the key factor that determines the size of the Canariomys sp. However, under presence of specialized predators (birds of prey), body size evolution is less pronounced (Hypnomys sp.).
(© 2013 International Society of Zoological Sciences, Institute of Zoology/Chinese Academy of Sciences and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.)

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