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Tytuł pozycji:

The microbiome of the maxillary sinus and middle nasal meatus in chronic rhinosinusitis.

Tytuł :
The microbiome of the maxillary sinus and middle nasal meatus in chronic rhinosinusitis.
Autorzy :
Ivanchenko OA; Polyclinic No.121, Moscow Healthcare Department, Moscow, Russia.
Karpishchenko SA; Ear, Nose and Throat Clinic and Department, Pavlov First State Medical University, Saint Petersburg, Russia.
Kozlov RS; Institute of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, State Medical Academy, Smolensk, Russia.
Krechikova OI; Institute of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, State Medical Academy, Smolensk, Russia.
Otvagin IV; Otolaryngology Clinic, State Medical Academy, Smolensk, Russia.
Sopko ON; Ear, Nose and Throat Clinic and Department, Pavlov First State Medical University, Saint Petersburg, Russia.
Piskunov GZ; Otolaryngology Clinic, Russian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, Moscow, Russia.
Lopatin AS; Polyclinic No.1, Medical Department, Business Administration of the President of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.
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Źródło :
Rhinology [Rhinology] 2016 Mar; Vol. 54 (1), pp. 68-74.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Multicenter Study
Język :
English
Imprint Name(s) :
Original Publication: Leiden : International Rhinologic Society
MeSH Terms :
Microbiota*
Maxillary Sinus/*microbiology
Maxillary Sinusitis/*microbiology
Adolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Chronic Disease ; Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Microbial Sensitivity Tests ; Middle Aged ; Penicillin Resistance ; Prospective Studies ; Young Adult
Entry Date(s) :
Date Created: 20151027 Date Completed: 20160519 Latest Revision: 20160330
Update Code :
20201218
DOI :
10.4193/Rhin15.018
PMID :
26501135
Czasopismo naukowe
Aim: This multicenter study was focused on the identification of the microorganisms inhabiting the maxillary sinus and middle nasal meatus in chronic rhinosinusitis.
Methodology: 112 middle meatus swabs and 112 maxillary sinus aspirates from 103 patients were available for culture.
Results: A total of 244 strains of microorganisms representing more than 50 families were identified in the maxillary sinus and middle nasal meatus (164 and 80, respectively). These included 154 (63.0%) strains of aerobic bacteria from 32 species and 90 (37.0%) strains of anaerobic bacteria from 23 species. Aerobes were more common than anaerobes in both the nasal cavity (78.7% vs. 21.3%) and in the maxillary sinus (55.2% vs. 44.8%). Species of Streptococci (28.8%) and Prevotella (17.8%) were the most common findings in the maxillary sinus aspirates. S. pneumonia, H. influenza, and S. aureus were relatively rare, and found in only 6.7%, 5.4%, and 8.9% of the samples, respectively.
Conclusions: The results obtained suggest that common upper airway pathogens do not play a major role in the pathogenesis of chronic rhinosinusitis. The microbiome of inflamed sinonasal mucosa is extremely diverse and involves exotic species of bacteria that, to date, have not been considered as potential inhabitants of the paranasal sinuses.

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