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Tytuł pozycji:

Dysphagia in the high-risk infant: potential factors and mechanisms.

Tytuł :
Dysphagia in the high-risk infant: potential factors and mechanisms.
Autorzy :
Jadcherla S; Nationwide Children's Hospital Research Institute and The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, OH .
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Źródło :
The American journal of clinical nutrition [Am J Clin Nutr] 2016 Feb; Vol. 103 (2), pp. 622S-8S. Date of Electronic Publication: 2016 Jan 20.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
Język :
English
Imprint Name(s) :
Publication: [Rockville, MD] : American Society for Nutrition
Original Publication: Bethesda, MD : American Society of Clinical Nutrition
MeSH Terms :
Child Development*
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Neurogenesis*
Precision Medicine*
Deglutition Disorders/*etiology
Gastrointestinal Tract/*physiopathology
Premature Birth/*physiopathology
Combined Modality Therapy/trends ; Congresses as Topic ; Deglutition Disorders/diagnosis ; Deglutition Disorders/epidemiology ; Deglutition Disorders/therapy ; Enteral Nutrition/trends ; Gastrointestinal Tract/growth & development ; Gastrointestinal Tract/physiology ; Humans ; Infant, Low Birth Weight ; Infant, Newborn ; Parenteral Nutrition/adverse effects ; Parenteral Nutrition/trends ; Practice Guidelines as Topic ; Premature Birth/diet therapy ; Premature Birth/therapy ; Prevalence ; Risk Factors
References :
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Grant Information :
P01 DK068051 United States DK NIDDK NIH HHS; R01 DK068158 United States DK NIDDK NIH HHS; 2P01DK068051 United States DK NIDDK NIH HHS; 2R01DK068158 United States DK NIDDK NIH HHS
Contributed Indexing :
Keywords: aerodigestive reflexes; dysphagia; feeding disorders; gastroesophageal reflux; neonate
Entry Date(s) :
Date Created: 20160122 Date Completed: 20160613 Latest Revision: 20181113
Update Code :
20210914
PubMed Central ID :
PMC4733255
DOI :
10.3945/ajcn.115.110106
PMID :
26791178
Czasopismo naukowe
Neonatal dysphagia, or abnormalities of swallowing, represent a major global problem, and consequences of dysfunctional feeding patterns carry over into infancy and toddler age groups. Growth, development, and independent feeding skills are all delayed among high-risk infants. Such a group comprises premature birth, low-birth-weight, congenital anomalies, perinatal asphyxia, postsurgical, and sepsis categories. The conflict between pathophysiologic and pragmatic feeding strategies remains a major conundrum and is largely due to a lack of validated diagnostic approaches amid heterogeneity of the patient phenotype. Thus, well-tested feeding management strategies that can be generalizable are lacking. Furthermore, the aerodigestive symptoms and signs, potential risk factors, and contributory etiologies remain nonspecific. This article presents mechanistic evidence related to the pathophysiologic basis of neonatal dysphagia as well as potential opportunities to improve feeding abilities and long-term development.
(© 2016 American Society for Nutrition.)

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