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Tytuł pozycji:

Learned helplessness, test anxiety, and academic achievement: a longitudinal analysis.

Tytuł :
Learned helplessness, test anxiety, and academic achievement: a longitudinal analysis.
Autorzy :
Fincham FD; Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Daniel, Champaign 61820.
Hokoda A
Sanders R Jr
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Źródło :
Child development [Child Dev] 1989 Feb; Vol. 60 (1), pp. 138-45.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Język :
English
Imprint Name(s) :
Publication: Malden, MA : Blackwell Publishers
Original Publication: [Chicago, etc.] : Published by the University of Chicago Press for the Society for Research in Child Development [etc.]
MeSH Terms :
Achievement*
Personality Inventory*
Test Anxiety Scale*
Helplessness, Learned/*psychology
Aptitude ; Child ; Female ; Humans ; Longitudinal Studies ; Male ; Motivation ; Psychometrics
Entry Date(s) :
Date Created: 19890201 Date Completed: 19890516 Latest Revision: 20190912
Update Code :
20210623
DOI :
10.1111/j.1467-8624.1989.tb02703.x
PMID :
2702863
Czasopismo naukowe
The stability of individual differences in test anxiety and learned helplessness over a 2-year period and their relation to concurrent and future school achievement were examined. Several issues regarding the assessment of learned helplessness are also addressed. 82 children were administered measures of test anxiety and helplessness in the third grade and again in the fifth grade. Teachers also provided reports of learned helpless and mastery-oriented behaviors at these 2 grade levels. It was found that: (a) both self-report and teacher-report measures of helplessness were stable over the 2-year period; (b) helplessness in the third grade was related to achievement test scores in the fifth grade; and (c) teacher reports may be a viable means of identifying helplessness. These findings are discussed in terms of cognitive developmental changes in children's understanding of effort and ability, and their implications for the assessment of learned helplessness are outlined.

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