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Tytuł pozycji:

Altruistic behaviour, but not volunteering, has been associated with cognitive performance in community-dwelling older persons.

Tytuł :
Altruistic behaviour, but not volunteering, has been associated with cognitive performance in community-dwelling older persons.
Autorzy :
Corrêa JC; Division of Geriatrics, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Brazil.
Ávila MPW; Division of Geriatrics, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Brazil.
Lucchetti ALG; Division of Geriatrics, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Brazil.
Lucchetti G; Division of Geriatrics, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Brazil.
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Źródło :
Psychogeriatrics : the official journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society [Psychogeriatrics] 2019 Mar; Vol. 19 (2), pp. 117-125. Date of Electronic Publication: 2018 Sep 26.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Observational Study
Język :
English
Imprint Name(s) :
Publication: [Oxford, U.K.?] : Blackwell Pub
Original Publication: Tokyo : Japanese Psychogeriatrics Society
MeSH Terms :
Altruism*
Independent Living*
Cognitive Dysfunction/*epidemiology
Cognitive Dysfunction/*psychology
Geriatric Assessment/*methods
Volunteers/*statistics & numerical data
Aged ; Brazil/epidemiology ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Volunteers/psychology
Contributed Indexing :
Keywords: aged; altruistic behaviour; cognition; cognitive symptoms; dementia; volunteers
Entry Date(s) :
Date Created: 20180928 Date Completed: 20190808 Latest Revision: 20190808
Update Code :
20201218
DOI :
10.1111/psyg.12372
PMID :
30259591
Czasopismo naukowe
Aim: Studies have indicated that altruistic behaviour may be associated with better health. Nevertheless, it has not been determined if volunteering acts as a protective factor against cognitive decline or if a person's altruistic character does so. This study aims to evaluate whether altruistic behaviour and volunteering are associated with better cognitive function in active community-dwelling older persons.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study in healthy older persons. Sociodemographics, altruistic behaviour (self-report altruism scale), volunteering (days volunteered), cognitive state (cognitive assessment battery), and factors associated with cognition (e.g. depression, social support, functional status, and religiosity) were evaluated. Adjusted and non-adjusted models were created in order to understand the relationship of altruistic behaviour and volunteering with cognitive performance.
Results: A total of 312 older adults were evaluated; 89.4% were women, and the mean age was 69.6 years. In the linear regression models, greater altruistic behaviour was associated with higher scores on the Mini-Mental State Examination (β = 0.148, P < 0.05) and the verbal fluency test (β = 0.219, P < 0.001), even after adjustments. In contrast, volunteering was not associated with any of the cognitive tests used.
Conclusion: Altruistic behaviour seems to have a role in older persons' cognition, with more altruistic people tending to have greater cognitive performance. These findings can assist in developing mechanisms that can help keep older people more cognitively active and serve as the foundation for future interventions and studies in this area.
(© 2018 Japanese Psychogeriatric Society.)
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