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Tytuł pozycji:

Somatization and Coping in Ethnic Minority Recruits.

Tytuł :
Somatization and Coping in Ethnic Minority Recruits.
Autorzy :
Nakkas C; Psychologic-Pedagogic Service of the Swiss Armed Forces (PPD A), Waffenplatz, Gebäude 338, Thun, Switzerland.
Annen H; Department of Military Psychology Studies, Military Academy at ETH Zurich, Birmensdorf, Switzerland.
Brand S; University of Basel, Psychiatric Clinics (UPK), Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders (ZASS), Wilhelm Klein-Strasse 27, Basel, Switzerland.
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Źródło :
Military medicine [Mil Med] 2019 Dec 01; Vol. 184 (11-12), pp. e680-e685.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
Język :
English
Imprint Name(s) :
Publication: 2018- : Oxford : Oxford University Press
Original Publication: Washington, D.C. : Association of Military Surgeons, United States, 1955-
MeSH Terms :
Adaptation, Psychological*
Ethnic Groups/*psychology
Military Personnel/*psychology
Somatoform Disorders/*psychology
Adolescent ; Adult ; Ethnic Groups/statistics & numerical data ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Military Personnel/education ; Military Personnel/statistics & numerical data ; Psychometrics/instrumentation ; Psychometrics/methods ; Social Support ; Somatoform Disorders/epidemiology ; Somatoform Disorders/ethnology ; Students/psychology ; Students/statistics & numerical data ; Surveys and Questionnaires ; United States/epidemiology ; United States/ethnology
Contributed Indexing :
Keywords: coping behavior*; military psychiatry*; somatoform disorders*; transcultural*
Entry Date(s) :
Date Created: 20190223 Date Completed: 20200807 Latest Revision: 20200807
Update Code :
20201023
DOI :
10.1093/milmed/usz014
PMID :
30793179
Czasopismo naukowe
Introduction: Military service can have beneficial social effects on minorities. However, minority groups are also often at greater risk of somatizing psychological distress and coping maladaptively. In military training this would result in lower mental health of minorities and contribute to higher drop-out rates. We thus examined if recruits with different ethnocultural backgrounds report different somatization levels and coping styles.
Materials and Methods: Seven hundred and forty male recruits of the Swiss Armed Forces aged 18-26 took part in a cross-sectional study during basic training. Participants filled out self-rating questionnaires covering sociodemographics, somatization (SCL-90-R), coping styles (INCOPE-2), and social support (F-SozU). The recruits' ethnic self-identification was used to compare three groups: native Swiss (89%); Turkish or Balkan minority (5%); heterogeneous ethnic minority (6%). Group differences in somatization scores were tested with a Kruskal-Wallis test; group differences in coping styles were tested with a multivariate ANCOVA, controlling for the level of social support experienced.
Results: Recruits from the heterogeneous ethnic minority group reported significantly greater levels of somatization than their native Swiss comrades. Coping styles did not differ between the three ethnic groups, but higher levels of social support were associated with better coping.
Conclusion: Military doctors ought to place importance on the differential diagnosis of medically unexplained physical symptoms in ethnic minority recruits. This would contribute to minimize the risk of misdiagnosis. Military mental health professionals who counsel recruits reporting somatic symptoms are advised to be sensitized to an ethnic minority status. Physical complaints could mask affective problems or be part of an adjustment disorder symptomatology.
(© Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 2019. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.)
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