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Tytuł pozycji:

Influence of poor preparation and sleep deficit on injury incidence in amateur small field football of both gender.

Tytuł :
Influence of poor preparation and sleep deficit on injury incidence in amateur small field football of both gender.
Autorzy :
Krutsch V; Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Paracelsus Medical University Nuernberg, Prof.-Ernst-Nathan-Str. 1, 90419, Nuernberg, Germany. .
Clement A; Department of Trauma Surgery, University Medical Centre Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.
Heising T; Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiology, Marien Hospital Osnabrück, Osnabrück, Germany.
Achenbach L; Department of Trauma Surgery, University Medical Centre Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.
Zellner J; Department of Trauma Surgery, University Medical Centre Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.
Gesslein M; Department of Trauma Surgery, Paracelsus Medical University Nuremberg, Nuremberg, Germany.
Weber-Spickschen S; Department of Trauma Surgery, University Medical Centre Hannover, Hannover, Germany.
Krutsch W; Department of Trauma Surgery, University Medical Centre Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.
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Źródło :
Archives of orthopaedic and trauma surgery [Arch Orthop Trauma Surg] 2020 Apr; Vol. 140 (4), pp. 457-464. Date of Electronic Publication: 2019 Aug 17.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
Język :
English
Imprint Name(s) :
Publication: Berlin : Springer Verlag
Original Publication: Berlin : Springer International, c1989-
MeSH Terms :
Athletic Injuries/*epidemiology
Sleep Deprivation/*epidemiology
Adult ; Alcohol Drinking/epidemiology ; Female ; Football ; Humans ; Incidence ; Male ; Prospective Studies ; Sleep/physiology ; Students, Medical ; Warm-Up Exercise/physiology ; Young Adult
Contributed Indexing :
Keywords: Amateur; Football; Prevention; Risk factor; Small field; Soccer
Entry Date(s) :
Date Created: 20190819 Date Completed: 20200908 Latest Revision: 20200908
Update Code :
20201218
DOI :
10.1007/s00402-019-03261-0
PMID :
31422427
Czasopismo naukowe
Introduction: Amateur small-field football tournaments are rather common worldwide. Adequate preparation is essential for injury prevention. The consequences of insufficient injury preparation at this level are still unclear. This study investigates the factors influencing injuries in this football population.
Materials and Methods: In 2017, medical students participating in a national amateur football tournament were analysed in a prospective cohort study. Injury incidence, injury pattern and factors influencing injuries were investigated according to the statement on data collection and injury definition of Fuller et al. (Br J Sports Med 40:193-201, 2006). Preparation for the tournament was assessed for both sexes by means of hours of sleep, alcohol consumption, training level and warm-up performance.
Level of Evidence: II.
Results: Of 694 amateur football players (423 men and 271 women) with a mean age of 23 years (SD 2.5), 321 (21.1%) injuries happened during the tournament. 60% of injuries affected the lower extremity. The most common types of traumatic injury were skin abrasions (40.0%) and muscle strains (23.3%). The injury incidence of male players during match exposure was 469 per 1000 h football and significantly higher than in female players 313 (p = 0.025). One potential reason for the higher injury rate of male players as measure for inadequate preparation was significantly higher alcohol consumption the evening before the tournament (p < 0.001) and the after-effects on match day (p < 0.001). Additionally, male players reported less and inadequate sleep the night before the tournament (p < 0.007) and a lower warm-up rate before the matches compared to female players (p < 0.001).
Conclusions: Small-field tournaments in football have a high injury incidence. Male players have a higher injury incidence than female players and show additionally a lack of sleep and alcohol consumption the night before the tournament and poor warm-up performance on match day. Adequate preparation for a football tournament is the key factor for preventing injuries, also in recreational football.

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