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Tytuł pozycji:

The Iowa Gambling Task on HIV-infected subjects.

Tytuł :
The Iowa Gambling Task on HIV-infected subjects.
Autorzy :
Nakao A; Department of Hematology, Clinical Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, 454 Shitsukawa, Toon-city, Ehime 791-0295, Japan.
Yamanouchi J; Department of Hematology, Clinical Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, 454 Shitsukawa, Toon-city, Ehime 791-0295, Japan. Electronic address: .
Takenaka K; Department of Hematology, Clinical Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, 454 Shitsukawa, Toon-city, Ehime 791-0295, Japan.
Takada K; Department of Clinical Practice and Education, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, 454 Shitsukawa, Toon-city, Ehime 791-0295, Japan.
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Źródło :
Journal of infection and chemotherapy : official journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy [J Infect Chemother] 2020 Mar; Vol. 26 (3), pp. 240-244. Date of Electronic Publication: 2019 Oct 10.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Observational Study
Język :
English
Imprint Name(s) :
Publication: 2014- : Amsterdam : Elsevier
Original Publication: Tokyo : New York : Published for the Society by Churchill Livingstone, c1995-
MeSH Terms :
Decision Making*
Neuropsychological Tests*
Gambling/*diagnosis
HIV Infections/*complications
Neurocognitive Disorders/*diagnosis
Adult ; Gambling/etiology ; Gambling/psychology ; HIV Infections/psychology ; Humans ; Japan ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Neurocognitive Disorders/etiology ; Neurocognitive Disorders/psychology ; Quality of Life
Contributed Indexing :
Keywords: Behavioural assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome; Clinical psychologist; Decision-making; HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders; Iowa Gambling Task; Neuropsychological tests
Entry Date(s) :
Date Created: 20191015 Date Completed: 20201013 Latest Revision: 20201013
Update Code :
20201023
DOI :
10.1016/j.jiac.2019.09.008
PMID :
31607434
Czasopismo naukowe
HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) are characterized by cognitive, behavioral, and motor dysfunctions, which impact daily functioning and are predictive of poor survival among patients. The diagnosis of HAND is marked by clinically significant declines in multiple domains of neurocognitive functioning. Some patients diagnosed with HAND have social problem; however, higher brain dysfunction is not detected in general neuropsychological assessments and the intelligence quotient may remain unchanged. Impaired decision-making may reduce social and occupational qualities of life. The Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) has been developed as a task to evaluate risk predictions at the time of decision-making. In the present study, 38 HIV-infected patients enrolled in our hospital performed IGT and we investigated whether the results obtained are associated with HAND. The median net IGT score of all HIV-infected subjects was significantly lower than that of healthy controls. Patients diagnosed with HAND accounted for 43.8% of the negative net score group. We elucidated the relationship between the net IGT score and HAND for the first time. We think that IGT is a good tool to detect decision-making impairment for ANI and MND. Careful follow-ups of the progression of HAND and increased awareness among HIV-infected patients and medical care workers of the risk of social behavioral disorders, which negatively impact daily life before they are detected, are needed in order to prevent deteriorations in the quality of life of these patients.
(Copyright © 2019 Japanese Society of Chemotherapy and The Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.)

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