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Tytuł pozycji:

Ludwig Heinrich Bojanus (1776-1827) on Gall's craniognomic system, zoology, and comparative anatomy.

Tytuł :
Ludwig Heinrich Bojanus (1776-1827) on Gall's craniognomic system, zoology, and comparative anatomy.
Autorzy :
Sakalauskaitė-Juodeikienė E; Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Institute of Clinical Medicine; Centre for Medical Ethics, Law and History, Institute of Health Sciences, Vilnius University, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius, Lithuania.
Eling P; Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition, and Behaviour, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
Finger S; Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, and Program in History of Medicine, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri, USA.
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Źródło :
Journal of the history of the neurosciences [J Hist Neurosci] 2020 Jan-Mar; Vol. 29 (1), pp. 29-47. Date of Electronic Publication: 2019 Nov 11.
Typ publikacji :
Biography; Historical Article; Journal Article
Język :
English
Imprint Name(s) :
Publication: 2013- : London : Routledge
Original Publication: London : Smith-Gordon,
MeSH Terms :
Anatomy, Comparative*
Zoology*
Craniology/*history
Phrenology/*history
Brain ; History, 18th Century ; History, 19th Century ; Humans ; Male ; Universities
Personal Name as Subject :
Bojanus L
Contributed Indexing :
Keywords: Franz Joseph Gall; Ludwig Heinrich Bojanus; Vilnius University; comparative anatomy; craniognomic system; organology; zoology
Entry Date(s) :
Date Created: 20191112 Date Completed: 20210308 Latest Revision: 20210308
Update Code :
20210309
DOI :
10.1080/0964704X.2019.1684752
PMID :
31710577
Czasopismo naukowe
Most of what was known about Franz Joseph Gall's (1758-1828) organology or Schädellehre prior to the 1820s came from secondary sources, including letters from correspondents, promotional materials, brief newspaper articles about his lecture-demonstrations, and editions and translations of some lengthier works of varying quality in German. Physician Ludwig Heinrich Bojanus (1776-1827) practiced in Vienna's General Hospital in 1797-1798; attended some of Gall's public lectures; and, in 1801-1802, became one of the first physicians to provide detailed reports on Gall's emerging organology in French and English, respectively. Although Bojanus considered the human mind to be indivisible and did not entirely agree with Gall's assumption that the brain consists of a number of independent organs responsible for various faculties, he provided valuable information and thoughtful commentary on Gall's views. Furthermore, he defended Gall against the charge that his sort of thinking would lead to materialism and cautiously predicted that the new system would be fruitful for developing and stimulating important new research about the brain and mind. Bojanus became a professor of zoology in 1806 and a professor of comparative anatomy in 1814 at Vilnius University, where, among other accomplishments, he established himself as a founder of modern veterinary medicine and a pioneer of pre-Darwinian and pre-Lamarckian evolutionism.

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