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Tytuł pozycji:

Implementation of a Longitudinal Mentorship Program for Quality of Life, Mental Health, and Motivation of Brazilian Medical Students.

Tytuł :
Implementation of a Longitudinal Mentorship Program for Quality of Life, Mental Health, and Motivation of Brazilian Medical Students.
Autorzy :
Bechara Secchin LS; Faculdade de Ciências Médicas de Juiz de Fora (SUPREMA), Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil.
da Silva Ezequiel O; School of Medicine, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil.
Vitorino LM; School of Medicine, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil.
Lucchetti ALG; School of Medicine, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil.
Lucchetti G; School of Medicine, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil. .
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Źródło :
Academic psychiatry : the journal of the American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training and the Association for Academic Psychiatry [Acad Psychiatry] 2020 Apr; Vol. 44 (2), pp. 200-204. Date of Electronic Publication: 2019 Nov 18.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
Język :
English
Imprint Name(s) :
Publication: 2014- : New York, NY : Springer
Original Publication: [Washington, DC : American Psychiatric Press, c1989-
MeSH Terms :
Mental Health*
Mentors*
Quality of Life/*psychology
Students, Medical/*psychology
Adult ; Brazil ; Education, Medical, Undergraduate ; Female ; Humans ; Longitudinal Studies ; Male ; Program Evaluation ; Self Report ; Surveys and Questionnaires ; Young Adult
Contributed Indexing :
Keywords: Depression; Medical education; Medical students; Mentoring; Quality of life
Entry Date(s) :
Date Created: 20191120 Date Completed: 20201126 Latest Revision: 20201126
Update Code :
20201218
DOI :
10.1007/s40596-019-01141-8
PMID :
31741305
Czasopismo naukowe
Objectives: Mentoring has been used as a strategy for mental health prevention and the promotion of quality of life in medical students, with mixed results. The aim of this study was to compare the levels of mental health, quality of life, and academic motivation of medical students after implementation of a longitudinal curricular mentoring program relative to those students without mentoring in their curricula.
Method: The results of the mentoring program were assessed by comparing two classes of 2nd-year students of a school of medicine (one that had received mentoring since admission and another which had no exposure to the method during the course). Self-report questionnaires were used to collect data on sociodemographics, quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF), mental health (DASS-21), and academic motivation (Academic Motivation Scale-AMS).
Results: A total of 95 medical students were included: 55 received the mentoring program and 40 did not receive the program. The Multivariate GLM regression model revealed no significant main effect of mentoring on domains of the WHOQOL-BREF (Wilks's Lambda = 0.938, F = 1.427, p < 0.232); the DASS-21 (Wilks's Lambda = 0.051, p < 0.985); or the AMS (Wilks's Lambda = 0.957, F = 0.628, p < 0.708). Likewise, the Univariate GLM regression showed no significant main effect of mentoring on medical students' perceived health (F = 0.585; d.f. = 1; p = 0.446).
Conclusion: Mentoring promoted no significant changes in the students of this Brazilian institution. These results highlight the challenges faced in structuring, maintaining, and assessing an effective mentoring program for students on medicine courses.

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