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Tytuł pozycji:

Turnover prevention: The direct and indirect association between organizational job stressors, negative emotions and professional commitment in novice nurses.

Tytuł :
Turnover prevention: The direct and indirect association between organizational job stressors, negative emotions and professional commitment in novice nurses.
Autorzy :
Ten Hoeve Y; Health Sciences - Nursing Research, University of Groningen/University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.
Brouwer J; Faculty Behavioural and Social Sciences, Department of Educational Sciences, University of Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.
Kunnen S; Faculty Behavioural and Social Sciences, Department of Educational Sciences, University of Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.
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Źródło :
Journal of advanced nursing [J Adv Nurs] 2020 Mar; Vol. 76 (3), pp. 836-845. Date of Electronic Publication: 2019 Dec 17.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
Język :
English
Imprint Name(s) :
Publication: Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publications
Original Publication: Oxford, Blackwell.
MeSH Terms :
Emotions*
Personnel Turnover*
Nursing Staff/*psychology
Occupational Stress/*psychology
Female ; Humans ; Job Satisfaction ; Male ; Young Adult
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Contributed Indexing :
Keywords: emotions; job stressors; novice nurses; professional commitment; support; turnover; work experiences
Local Abstract: [Publisher, Chinese] 目的: 了解新手护士专业承诺中最为突出的组织工作压力源,以及工作压力源是否通过负面情绪进行调节。 设计: 本项研究采用观察性定群设计。 方法: 根据18名新手护士的580篇日记,结合情绪和承诺衡量结果,调查组织工作压力源。这些日记的收集工作于2013年9月至2014年9月进行。 结果: 路径模型显示,缺乏同事的支持,患者的消极经历以及与生存事件的冲突通过负面情绪与专业承诺之间呈显著负相关。对于承诺,其他间接负相关的组织工作压力源包括护理复杂度、控制不足以及工作生活失衡,仅有相互冲突的工作需求,缺乏与专业承诺直接相关的控制。 结论: 为加强专业承诺,在处理患者消极经历、护理复杂度和生存事件,防止出现缺乏控制、个人生活与工作失衡情况时,应通过提供同事支持来减少新手护士的负面情绪。护士长和管理者可鼓励护士分享消极的病人经历以及护理复杂度和生存事件相关问题。 影响: 考虑到全球范围内护理人员短缺和过早离职的局面,亟需进一步了解负面情绪如何对组织消极工作压力源与专业承诺的关系进行调节,以及组织工作压力源对专业承诺的相对影响。本项研究突出强调了护士长和护士管理者提供支持的重要性,以改善工作环境,从而坚定新手护士的承诺,增强其留职意愿。.
Entry Date(s) :
Date Created: 20191203 Date Completed: 20201118 Latest Revision: 20210110
Update Code :
20210210
PubMed Central ID :
PMC7028052
DOI :
10.1111/jan.14281
PMID :
31788848
Czasopismo naukowe
Aims: Getting insight in the most crucial organizational job stressors for novice nurses' professional commitment and whether the job stressors are mediated through negative emotions.
Design: The study used an observational cohort design.
Methods: Organizational job stressors were derived from 580 diary entries by 18 novice nurses combined with measures on emotions and commitment. The diaries were collected from September 2013-September 2014.
Results: Path modelling revealed that lack of support from colleagues, negative experiences with patients and confrontations with existential events were most strongly negatively related to professional commitment through negative emotions. Other indirectly and negatively related organizational job stressors to commitment were complexity of care, lack of control and work-life imbalance; only conflicting job demands, and lack of control related to professional commitment directly.
Conclusion(s): To enhance professional commitment, it is important to reduce negative emotions in novice nurses by collegial support in dealing with negative experiences with patients, complexity of care and existential events and to prevent lack of control and an imbalance between private life and work. Nurse supervisors and managers can encourage nurses to share negative patient experiences, issues related to complexity of care and existential events.
Impact: Considering the worldwide nursing shortage and early turnover, more understanding is needed about how negative emotions mediate the relationship between organizational negative job stressors and professional commitment and the relative impact of organizational job stressors to professional commitment. The study stresses the importance of a supportive role of supervisors and nurse managers to improve the work environment and hence increase novice nurses' commitment and retention.
(© 2019 The Authors. Journal of Advanced Nursing published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.)

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