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Tytuł pozycji:

Optimal Background Color for Head-Starting Northern River Terrapins ( Batagur baska Gray, 1831).

Tytuł :
Optimal Background Color for Head-Starting Northern River Terrapins ( Batagur baska Gray, 1831).
Autorzy :
Jualaong S; Department of Marine and Coastal Resources, Marine and Coastal Resources Research and Development Center, Lower Gulf of Thailand, Songkhla 90100, Thailand.
Thongprajukaew K; Department of Applied Science, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla 90112, Thailand.
Ninwat S; Department of Marine and Coastal Resources, Marine and Coastal Resources Research and Development Center, Lower Gulf of Thailand, Songkhla 90100, Thailand.
Petchrit N; Satun Inland Aquaculture Research and Development Center, Satun 91110, Thailand.
Khwanmaung S; Satun Inland Aquaculture Research and Development Center, Satun 91110, Thailand.
Wattanakul W; Department of Fisheries Technology, Faculty of Sciences and Fisheries Technology, Rajamangala University of Technology Srivijaya, Trang 92150, Thailand.
Tantipiriyakij T; Nai Yang Beach Resort and Spa, Phuket 83110, Thailand.
Kanghae H; Department of Marine and Coastal Resources, Phuket Marine Biological Center, Phuket 83000, Thailand.
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Źródło :
Animals : an open access journal from MDPI [Animals (Basel)] 2020 Jan 26; Vol. 10 (2). Date of Electronic Publication: 2020 Jan 26.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
Język :
English
Imprint Name(s) :
Original Publication: Basel, Switzerland : Molecular Diversity Preservation International, 2011-
References :
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Contributed Indexing :
Keywords: carapace; feces; feed utilization; hematological parameter; wall color
Entry Date(s) :
Date Created: 20200130 Latest Revision: 20200928
Update Code :
20210623
PubMed Central ID :
PMC7070442
DOI :
10.3390/ani10020207
PMID :
31991870
Czasopismo naukowe
Background color has significant effects on the lifestyles of various animal species. In this study, the effects of wall background color on growth, feed utilization, specific activity of gastric and pancreatic enzymes in fecal samples, fecal thermal properties, carapace elemental profile, and hematological parameters were investigated in northern river terrapin ( Batagur baska Gray, 1831) in order to optimize the head-starting conditions. The terrapins (70.13 ± 0.04 g initial weight) were completely randomized into five types of colored tanks (transparent, green, red, blue, and black) and reared for twelve weeks. At the end of the experiment, tank color had no effect on survival and growth performance, but had significant effects on feeding rate, feed conversion ratio, and protein efficiency ratio ( p < 0.05). Terrapins reared with black, red, or blue backgrounds had the highest feed utilization among the treatments. Among these three groups, analysis of specific activity of gastric and pancreatic enzymes in fecal samples and fecal thermal properties suggested improved digestive functionality in terrapins reared with a blue background relative to the other treatments. Carapace elemental composition and hematological parameters indicated no negative effects on health status of the terrapins reared with this optimal treatment. Findings from the current study support the head-starting program of northern river terrapins before release to natural habitats, and could also be applied in aquaria or zoos for public display.
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