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Tytuł pozycji:

Acute pesticide poisoning amongst adolescent girls and women in northern Tanzania.

Tytuł :
Acute pesticide poisoning amongst adolescent girls and women in northern Tanzania.
Autorzy :
Lekei E; Tropical Pesticides Research Institute, P.O. Box 3024, Arusha, Tanzania. .
Ngowi AV; School of Public Health and Social Sciences, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS), P.O. Box 65015, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
Kapeleka J; Tropical Pesticides Research Institute, P.O. Box 3024, Arusha, Tanzania.
London L; School of Public Health & Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Anzio Road, Observatory, Cape Town, 7925, South Africa.
Pokaż więcej
Źródło :
BMC public health [BMC Public Health] 2020 Mar 06; Vol. 20 (1), pp. 303. Date of Electronic Publication: 2020 Mar 06.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
Język :
English
Journal Info :
Publisher: BioMed Central Country of Publication: England NLM ID: 100968562 Publication Model: Electronic Cited Medium: Internet ISSN: 1471-2458 (Electronic) Linking ISSN: 14712458 NLM ISO Abbreviation: BMC Public Health Subsets: MEDLINE
Imprint Name(s) :
Original Publication: London : BioMed Central, [2001-
MeSH Terms :
Pesticides/*poisoning
Adolescent ; Adult ; Child ; Endosulfan/poisoning ; Female ; Humans ; Incidence ; Organophosphate Poisoning/epidemiology ; Paraquat/poisoning ; Phosphines/poisoning ; Suicide/statistics & numerical data ; Tanzania/epidemiology ; Young Adult ; Zinc Compounds/poisoning
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Grant Information :
FA2005040800007 National Department of Health
Contributed Indexing :
Keywords: Acute pesticide poisoning; Adolescent girls & women; Northern Tanzania
Substance Nomenclature :
0 (Pesticides)
0 (Phosphines)
0 (Zinc Compounds)
813396S1PC (zinc phosphide)
OKA6A6ZD4K (Endosulfan)
PLG39H7695 (Paraquat)
Entry Date(s) :
Date Created: 20200312 Date Completed: 20200616 Latest Revision: 20200616
Update Code :
20200716
PubMed Central ID :
PMC7065330
DOI :
10.1186/s12889-020-8374-9
PMID :
32156268
Czasopismo naukowe
Background: Acute pesticide poisoning (APP) is reported to affect community health worldwide but its burden in Tanzania is unknown particularly in women. This study examines APP involving adult females and adolescent girls 10 to 19 years in 3 regions of Tanzania which are famous for coffee and vegetable production.
Methods: Over the period of 12 months, health facility-based surveillance for cases of APP was implemented in 10 Tanzanian healthcare facilities in 2006.
Results: The study identified 108 APP cases of whom 31 (28.7%) occurred amongst adolescent girls. Suicide was the leading poisoning circumstances (60.2%) and the most vulnerable women were 20-29 years old who comprised 38.4% of all cases with suicide as circumstance. Organophosphates (OPs), zinc phosphide, paraquat and endosulfan were common amongst known reported poisoning agents. The annual APP incidence, mortality and Case Fatality Rate for women were 5.1/100,000, 0.2/100,000 and 3.7/100, respectively.
Conclusion: APP amongst women in Tanzania is common and this call for diverse preventive interventions to reduce poisoning incidents.
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