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Tytuł pozycji:

Fatalism and Depressive Symptoms: Active and Passive Forms of Fatalism Differentially Predict Depression.

Tytuł :
Fatalism and Depressive Symptoms: Active and Passive Forms of Fatalism Differentially Predict Depression.
Autorzy :
Shahid F; Department of Psychology, University of Regina, 3737 Wascana Parkway, Regina, SK, S4S0A2, Canada. .
Beshai S; Department of Psychology, University of Regina, 3737 Wascana Parkway, Regina, SK, S4S0A2, Canada.
Del Rosario N; Department of Psychology, University of Regina, 3737 Wascana Parkway, Regina, SK, S4S0A2, Canada.
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Źródło :
Journal of religion and health [J Relig Health] 2020 Dec; Vol. 59 (6), pp. 3211-3226.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
Język :
English
Imprint Name(s) :
Publication: New York, NY : Springer
Original Publication: New York : Academy of Religion and Mental Health.
MeSH Terms :
Adaptation, Psychological*
Internal-External Control*
Religion*
Anxiety/*psychology
Depression/*psychology
Adult ; Attitude to Health ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Religion and Psychology
Contributed Indexing :
Keywords: Active fatalism; Coping skills; Depression; Fatalism; Locus of control
Entry Date(s) :
Date Created: 20200523 Date Completed: 20201221 Latest Revision: 20201221
Update Code :
20210210
DOI :
10.1007/s10943-020-01024-5
PMID :
32441015
Czasopismo naukowe
Classic fatalism is the belief that regardless of actions, events are predestined to occur (Straughan and Seow 1998). Researchers have found that fatalism is positively correlated with depression symptoms and higher endorsement of an external locus of control. Although fatalism is thought to be a unitary construct, based on the current literature, we hypothesized fatalism may take on other forms. We defined active fatalism as the belief in a predestined personal and global future, combined with the belief that one must do their part to bring this predestined future into fruition. Therefore, we predicted that active fatalism will be negatively correlated with depression symptoms, external locus of control, and negative coping skills. We recruited a sample of religious participants online (n = 282; 49.3% female) who completed self-report scales measuring depression symptoms, classic fatalism, active fatalism, coping skills, and locus of control. We found that while classic fatalism was significantly and positively associated with depression and negative coping, active fatalism was positively correlated with positive coping skills, and negatively correlated with depression and external locus of control. Finally, the present study found that active fatalism explained variance in both depression and anxiety symptoms above and beyond the classic form of fatalism. This confirmed our hypotheses and suggested that there may be several forms of fatalism, each differentially predicting mental health processes and outcomes. The significant positive correlation of positive coping and negative correlations of depression and external locus of control with active fatalism offer evidence in support of the notion that this form of fatalism may in fact be associated with protective mechanisms against depression. Differential assessment of these varying concepts may be appropriate for assessment and psychotherapy.

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