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Tytuł pozycji:

Is bed turnover rate a good metric for hospital scale efficiency? A measure of resource utilization rate for hospitals in Southeast Nigeria.

Tytuł :
Is bed turnover rate a good metric for hospital scale efficiency? A measure of resource utilization rate for hospitals in Southeast Nigeria.
Autorzy :
Aloh HE; Health Economics and Policy Research Unit, Department of Health Services, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu-Alike Ikwo, Ikwo, Ebonyi Nigeria.; Department of Health Administration & Management, Faculty of Health Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus, Nsukka, Nigeria.
Onwujekwe OE; Department of Health Administration & Management, Faculty of Health Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus, Nsukka, Nigeria.; Health Policy Research Group, Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus, Nsukka, Nigeria.
Aloh OG; Primary Health Development Agency, Ministry of Health, Abakaliki, Ebonyi Nigeria.
Nweke CJ; Department of Mathematics/Computer Sciences/Statistics & Informatics, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu-Alike Ikwo, Ikwo, Nigeria.
Pokaż więcej
Źródło :
Cost effectiveness and resource allocation : C/E [Cost Eff Resour Alloc] 2020 Jul 01; Vol. 18, pp. 21. Date of Electronic Publication: 2020 Jul 01 (Print Publication: 2020).
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
Język :
English
Imprint Name(s) :
Original Publication: London : BioMed Central, [2003]-
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Contributed Indexing :
Keywords: Efficiency; Pabon Lasso model; Ratio indicators; Resource utilization; Southeast Nigeria; Teaching Hospitals
Entry Date(s) :
Date Created: 20200707 Latest Revision: 20200928
Update Code :
20201218
PubMed Central ID :
PMC7329453
DOI :
10.1186/s12962-020-00216-w
PMID :
32624709
Czasopismo naukowe
Background: Nigeria health sector, like that of other sub-Saharan African countries, increasingly faces critical resource constraints. Thus, there is need to seek for ways of improving efficient use of scarce health resources. The aim of this study was to determine resource utilization rate of teaching hospitals in Southeast Nigeria as a means of estimating their efficiency.
Methods: The study is a longitudinal cross sectional study. It applied ratio indicators and Pabon Lasso model using data on the number of hospital bed, number of inpatients and total inpatient-days from purposefully selected teaching hospitals in Southeast Nigeria to measure efficiency over a period of 6 years (2011-2011).
Results: The hospitals' mean bed occupancy rate was as low as 42.14%, far below standard benchmark of 80-85%. The mean average length of stay was as high as 8.15 days and observed mean bed turnover was 21.27 patients/bed/year. These findings portrayed high level of inefficiency in Nigeria teaching hospitals, which was further illustrated by Pabon Lasso graph, with only 10-20% of the hospital-years located within or near the efficient zone or quadrant.
Conclusion: The study was able to show that health ratio indicators such as hospital bed turnover rate (BTR) and bed occupancy rate (BOR), as well as patients' average length of stay (ALS) can be used as tools for assessing hospital performance or its efficiency in resource utilization. Thus, in low and middle income countries where medical record keeping may be inadequate or poor, ratio indicators used alone or with Pabon Lasso graph/chart could be an optional metrics for hospital efficiency.
(© The Author(s) 2020.)
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