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Tytuł pozycji:

Stroke literacy in the population of the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia; immediate steps are essential to bridge the gap.

Tytuł :
Stroke literacy in the population of the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia; immediate steps are essential to bridge the gap.
Autorzy :
Zafar A; Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam 34212, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: .
Albakr AI; Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam 34212, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: .
Shahid R; Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam 34212, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: .
Nazish S; Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam 34212, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: .
Aljaafari D; Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam 34212, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: .
Alkhamis FA; Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam 34212, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: .
Aldajani AA; Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam 34212, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Msmar AH; Department of Research Statistical Support, Deanship of Scientific Research, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam 34212, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: .
Khatri IA; Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine, King Abdulaziz Medical City, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
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Źródło :
Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Association [J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis] 2020 Oct; Vol. 29 (10), pp. 105088. Date of Electronic Publication: 2020 Jul 09.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
Język :
English
Imprint Name(s) :
Publication: Philadelphia, PA : Saunders
Original Publication: New York, NY : Demos Publications, [1991-
MeSH Terms :
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Health Literacy*
Stroke*/complications
Stroke*/diagnosis
Stroke*/physiopathology
Stroke*/therapy
Adolescent ; Adult ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Early Diagnosis ; Female ; Health Promotion ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Prognosis ; Prospective Studies ; Recognition, Psychology ; Risk Factors ; Saudi Arabia ; Time-to-Treatment ; Young Adult
Contributed Indexing :
Keywords: Stroke; acute treatment; awareness; risk factors
Entry Date(s) :
Date Created: 20200911 Date Completed: 20201109 Latest Revision: 20201109
Update Code :
20201218
DOI :
10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2020.105088
PMID :
32912552
Czasopismo naukowe
Background and Purpose: Stroke is a medical emergency that demands early recognition for time sensitive acute management. Knowledge about stroke in public has not been found satisfactory in most of the studies worldwide. Studies describing the awareness of public about recognition of stroke and its treatment from Saudi Arabia (SA) are deficient. This study aimed to assess the knowledge of general population living in the Eastern Province of SA about stroke in relation to recognition of warning signs, risk factors and available acute treatment.
Methods: A prospective, cross sectional study was conducted using a structured questionnaire distributed through an electronic web site over a period of six months. The data was analyzed with SPSS version 22.0.
Results: Among a total of 1,213 respondents, 62.4% were women. Three fourth identified the affected organ correctly. Psychological stress was the most commonly identified risk factor (73.5%) followed by hypertension (63.8%). More than half of the respondents (58.5%) were not aware of diabetes mellitus as a risk factor for stroke. Speech difficulty was the most commonly identified stroke warning sign (64.4%) followed by focal weakness (62.4%). More than half (59.9%) did not recognize facial asymmetry as stroke warning sign. Nearly three fourth of the participants were unaware of t-PA (73.7%) and nearest available health care center for acute stroke management (74.9%).
Conclusion: Our survey found the stroke literacy in the population of the Eastern Province of SA as non- satisfactory and highlights the importance of taking immediate measure such as mass media campaign and hospital based activities to improve it.
(Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.)

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