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Tytuł pozycji:

Regulation of T-cell Receptor Gene Expression by Three-Dimensional Locus Conformation and Enhancer Function.

Tytuł :
Regulation of T-cell Receptor Gene Expression by Three-Dimensional Locus Conformation and Enhancer Function.
Autorzy :
Rodríguez-Caparrós A; Institute of Parasitology and Biomedicine 'López-Neyra'-Spanish Scientific Research Council (IPBLN-CSIC), Parque Tecnológico de Ciencias de la Salud (PTS), 18016 Granada, Spain.
Álvarez-Santiago J; Institute of Parasitology and Biomedicine 'López-Neyra'-Spanish Scientific Research Council (IPBLN-CSIC), Parque Tecnológico de Ciencias de la Salud (PTS), 18016 Granada, Spain.
Del Valle-Pastor MJ; Institute of Parasitology and Biomedicine 'López-Neyra'-Spanish Scientific Research Council (IPBLN-CSIC), Parque Tecnológico de Ciencias de la Salud (PTS), 18016 Granada, Spain.
Suñé C; Institute of Parasitology and Biomedicine 'López-Neyra'-Spanish Scientific Research Council (IPBLN-CSIC), Parque Tecnológico de Ciencias de la Salud (PTS), 18016 Granada, Spain.
López-Ros J; Institute of Parasitology and Biomedicine 'López-Neyra'-Spanish Scientific Research Council (IPBLN-CSIC), Parque Tecnológico de Ciencias de la Salud (PTS), 18016 Granada, Spain.
Hernández-Munain C; Institute of Parasitology and Biomedicine 'López-Neyra'-Spanish Scientific Research Council (IPBLN-CSIC), Parque Tecnológico de Ciencias de la Salud (PTS), 18016 Granada, Spain.
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Źródło :
International journal of molecular sciences [Int J Mol Sci] 2020 Nov 11; Vol. 21 (22). Date of Electronic Publication: 2020 Nov 11.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Review
Język :
English
Imprint Name(s) :
Original Publication: Basel, Switzerland : MDPI, [2000-
MeSH Terms :
Enhancer Elements, Genetic/*genetics
Gene Expression Regulation/*genetics
Genes, T-Cell Receptor/*genetics
T-Lymphocytes/*immunology
Animals ; Chromatin/genetics ; Chromatin/immunology ; Enhancer Elements, Genetic/immunology ; Gene Expression Regulation/immunology ; Genes, T-Cell Receptor/immunology ; Humans ; Signal Transduction/genetics ; Signal Transduction/immunology ; Transcription, Genetic/genetics ; Transcription, Genetic/immunology ; V(D)J Recombination/genetics ; V(D)J Recombination/immunology
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Grant Information :
2019AEP202 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas
Contributed Indexing :
Keywords: T-cell development; T-cell receptor; V(D)J recombination; chromatin; enhancer; transcription
Substance Nomenclature :
0 (Chromatin)
Entry Date(s) :
Date Created: 20201114 Date Completed: 20210302 Latest Revision: 20210302
Update Code :
20210309
PubMed Central ID :
PMC7696796
DOI :
10.3390/ijms21228478
PMID :
33187197
Czasopismo naukowe
The adaptive immune response in vertebrates depends on the expression of antigen-specific receptors in lymphocytes. T-cell receptor (TCR) gene expression is exquisitely regulated during thymocyte development to drive the generation of αβ and γδ T lymphocytes. The TCRα, TCRβ, TCRγ, and TCRδ genes exist in two different configurations, unrearranged and rearranged. A correctly rearranged configuration is required for expression of a functional TCR chain. TCRs can take the form of one of three possible heterodimers, pre-TCR, TCRαβ, or TCRγδ which drive thymocyte maturation into αβ or γδ T lymphocytes. To pass from an unrearranged to a rearranged configuration, global and local three dimensional (3D) chromatin changes must occur during thymocyte development to regulate gene segment accessibility for V(D)J recombination. During this process, enhancers play a critical role by modifying the chromatin conformation and triggering noncoding germline transcription that promotes the recruitment of the recombination machinery. The different signaling that thymocytes receive during their development controls enhancer activity. Here, we summarize the dynamics of long-distance interactions established through chromatin regulatory elements that drive transcription and V(D)J recombination and how different signaling pathways are orchestrated to regulate the activity of enhancers to precisely control TCR gene expression during T-cell maturation.
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