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Tytuł pozycji:

Twin robotic x-ray system in small bone and joint trauma: impact of cone-beam computed tomography on treatment decisions.

Tytuł :
Twin robotic x-ray system in small bone and joint trauma: impact of cone-beam computed tomography on treatment decisions.
Autorzy :
Grunz JP; Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital Würzburg, Oberdürrbacher Straße 6, 97080, Würzburg, Germany. .
Pennig L; Institute for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Cologne, University of Cologne, Kerpener Straße 62, 50937, Cologne, Germany.
Fieber T; Department of Trauma, Hand, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University Hospital Würzburg, Oberdürrbacher Straße 6, 97080, Würzburg, Germany.
Gietzen CH; Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital Würzburg, Oberdürrbacher Straße 6, 97080, Würzburg, Germany.
Heidenreich JF; Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital Würzburg, Oberdürrbacher Straße 6, 97080, Würzburg, Germany.
Huflage H; Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital Würzburg, Oberdürrbacher Straße 6, 97080, Würzburg, Germany.
Gruschwitz P; Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital Würzburg, Oberdürrbacher Straße 6, 97080, Würzburg, Germany.
Kuhl PJ; Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital Würzburg, Oberdürrbacher Straße 6, 97080, Würzburg, Germany.
Petritsch B; Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital Würzburg, Oberdürrbacher Straße 6, 97080, Würzburg, Germany.
Kosmala A; Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital Würzburg, Oberdürrbacher Straße 6, 97080, Würzburg, Germany.
Bley TA; Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital Würzburg, Oberdürrbacher Straße 6, 97080, Würzburg, Germany.
Gassenmaier T; Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital Würzburg, Oberdürrbacher Straße 6, 97080, Würzburg, Germany.
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Źródło :
European radiology [Eur Radiol] 2020 Dec 05. Date of Electronic Publication: 2020 Dec 05.
Publication Model :
Ahead of Print
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
Język :
English
Imprint Name(s) :
Original Publication: Berlin : Springer International, c1991-
Grant Information :
Z-2/CSP-06 Interdisziplinäres Zentrum für Klinische Forschung, Universitätsklinikum Würzburg
Contributed Indexing :
Keywords: Cone-beam computed tomography; Extremities; Fractures, bone; Radiography
Entry Date(s) :
Date Created: 20201206 Latest Revision: 20201206
Update Code :
20210210
DOI :
10.1007/s00330-020-07563-5
PMID :
33280057
Czasopismo naukowe
Objectives: Trauma evaluation of extremities can be challenging in conventional radiography. A multi-use x-ray system with cone-beam CT (CBCT) option facilitates ancillary 3-D imaging without repositioning. We assessed the clinical value of CBCT scans by analyzing the influence of additional findings on therapy.
Methods: Ninety-two patients underwent radiography and subsequent CBCT imaging with the twin robotic scanner (76 wrist/hand/finger and 16 ankle/foot/toe trauma scans). Reports by on-call radiologists before and after CBCT were compared regarding fracture detection, joint affliction, comminuted injuries, and diagnostic confidence. An orthopedic surgeon recommended therapy based on reported findings. Surgical reports (N = 52) and clinical follow-up (N = 85) were used as reference standard.
Results: CBCT detected more fractures (83/64 of 85), joint involvements (69/53 of 71), and multi-fragment situations (68/50 of 70) than radiography (all p < 0.001). Six fractures suspected in radiographs were ruled out by CBCT. Treatment changes based on additional information from CBCT were recommended in 29 patients (31.5%). While agreement between advised therapy before CBCT and actual treatment was moderate (κ = 0.41 [95% confidence interval 0.35-0.47]; p < 0.001), agreement after CBCT was almost perfect (κ = 0.88 [0.83-0.93]; p < 0.001). Diagnostic confidence increased considerably for CBCT studies (p < 0.001). Median effective dose for CBCT was 4.3 μSv [3.3-5.3 μSv] compared to 0.2 μSv [0.1-0.2 μSv] for radiography.
Conclusions: CBCT provides advantages for the evaluation of acute small bone and joint trauma by detecting and excluding extremity fractures and fracture-related findings more reliably than radiographs. Additional findings induced therapy change in one third of patients, suggesting substantial clinical impact.
Key Points: • With cone-beam CT, extremity fractures and fracture-related findings can be detected and ruled out more reliably than with conventional radiography. • Additional diagnostic information provided by cone-beam CT scans has substantial impact on therapy in small bone and joint trauma. • For distal extremity injury assessment, one-stop-shop imaging without repositioning is feasible with the twin robotic x-ray system.

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