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Tytuł pozycji:

Determinants of early initiation of breastfeeding in Papua New Guinea: a population-based study using the 2016-2018 demographic and health survey data.

Tytuł :
Determinants of early initiation of breastfeeding in Papua New Guinea: a population-based study using the 2016-2018 demographic and health survey data.
Autorzy :
Seidu AA; Department of Population and Health, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana. .; College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia. .
Ahinkorah BO; School of Public Health, Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
Agbaglo E; Department of English, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.
Dadzie LK; Department of Population and Health, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.
Tetteh JK; Department of Population and Health, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.
Ameyaw EK; School of Public Health, Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
Salihu T; Department of Population and Health, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.
Yaya S; School of International Development and Global Studies, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.; The George Institute for Global Health, The University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.
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Źródło :
Archives of public health = Archives belges de sante publique [Arch Public Health] 2020 Nov 23; Vol. 78 (1), pp. 124. Date of Electronic Publication: 2020 Nov 23.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
Język :
English
Imprint Name(s) :
Publication: <2011-> : London : BioMed Central
Original Publication: Brussels : "Archives belges de médecine sociale" asbl., [1990-
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Contributed Indexing :
Keywords: Breastfeeding; Early initiation of breastfeeding; Global health; Newborn health; Papua New Guinea; Public health
Entry Date(s) :
Date Created: 20201209 Latest Revision: 20201212
Update Code :
20210210
PubMed Central ID :
PMC7684736
DOI :
10.1186/s13690-020-00506-y
PMID :
33292575
Czasopismo naukowe
Background: Initiation of breastfeeding after birth comes with a wide range of benefits to the child. For example, it provides the child with all essential nutrients needed for survival within the first six months of birth. This study sought to determine the prevalence and factors associated with early initiation of breastfeeding (EIB) in Papua New Guinea.
Methods: We utilized the Demographic and Health Survey data of 3198 childbearing women in Papua New Guinea. We employed descriptive and binary logistic regression analyses. We presented the results as Crude Odds Ratios (COR) and Adjusted Odds Ratios (AOR), with 95% confidence intervals (CI) signifying level of precision. Level of statistical significance was set at p < 0.05.
Results: Women aged 20-29 [AOR = 1.583, CI = 1.147-2.185] and those aged 30+ [AOR = 1.631, CI = 1.140-2.335] had higher odds of EIB, compared to those aged 15-19. Women from the Islands region had lower odds [AOR = 0.690, CI = 0.565-0.842] of EIB, compared to those in Southern region. Women who delivered through caesarean section had lower odds of EIB, compared to those who delivered via vaginal delivery [AOR = 0.286, CI = 0.182-0.451]. Relatedly, women who delivered in hospitals had lower odds of EIB [AOR = 0.752, CI = 0.624-0.905], compared to those who delivered at home. Women who practiced skin-to-skin contact with the baby [AOR = 1.640, CI = 1.385-1.942] had higher odds of EIB, compared to those who did not. Women who read newspaper or magazine at least once a week had lower odds of EIB [AOR = 0.781, CI = 0.619-0.986], compared to those who did not read newspaper at all.
Conclusion: The prevalence of EIB in Papua New Guinea was relatively high (60%). The factors associated with EIB are age of the women, region of residence, mode of delivery, place of delivery, practice of skin-to-skin contact with the baby, and exposure to mass media (newspaper). To increase EIB in Papua New Guinea, these factors ought to be considered in the implementation of policies and measures to strengthen existing policies. Health providers should educate mothers on the importance of EIB.

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