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Tytuł pozycji:

The vascular targeted citrus FLOWERING LOCUS T3 gene promotes non-inductive early flowering in transgenic Carrizo rootstocks and grafted juvenile scions.

Tytuł :
The vascular targeted citrus FLOWERING LOCUS T3 gene promotes non-inductive early flowering in transgenic Carrizo rootstocks and grafted juvenile scions.
Autorzy :
Soares JM; Citrus Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Lake Alfred, FL, 33850, USA.
Weber KC; Citrus Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Lake Alfred, FL, 33850, USA.
Qiu W; Citrus Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Lake Alfred, FL, 33850, USA.; Institute of Fruit and Tea, Hubei Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Wuhan, 430064, China.
Stanton D; Citrus Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Lake Alfred, FL, 33850, USA.
Mahmoud LM; Citrus Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Lake Alfred, FL, 33850, USA.; Pomology Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt.
Wu H; Citrus Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Lake Alfred, FL, 33850, USA.
Huyck P; Citrus Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Lake Alfred, FL, 33850, USA.
Zale J; Citrus Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Lake Alfred, FL, 33850, USA.
Al Jasim K; Citrus Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Lake Alfred, FL, 33850, USA.; College of Agriculture, Al-Qasim Green University, Babylon, Iraq.
Grosser JW; Citrus Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Lake Alfred, FL, 33850, USA.
Dutt M; Citrus Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Lake Alfred, FL, 33850, USA. .
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Źródło :
Scientific reports [Sci Rep] 2020 Dec 08; Vol. 10 (1), pp. 21404. Date of Electronic Publication: 2020 Dec 08.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Język :
English
Imprint Name(s) :
Original Publication: London : Nature Publishing Group, copyright 2011-
MeSH Terms :
Promoter Regions, Genetic*
Chimera/*physiology
Gene Expression Profiling/*methods
Membrane Transport Proteins/*genetics
Plant Proteins/*genetics
Chimera/genetics ; Citrus/genetics ; Citrus/physiology ; Flowers/genetics ; Flowers/physiology ; Gene Expression Regulation, Plant ; High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing ; Phylogeny ; Plant Roots/genetics ; Plant Roots/physiology ; Plants, Genetically Modified/genetics ; Plants, Genetically Modified/physiology ; Poncirus/genetics ; Poncirus/physiology ; Sequence Analysis, RNA
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Substance Nomenclature :
0 (Membrane Transport Proteins)
0 (Plant Proteins)
0 (sucrose transport protein, plant)
Entry Date(s) :
Date Created: 20201209 Date Completed: 20210324 Latest Revision: 20210324
Update Code :
20210325
PubMed Central ID :
PMC7722890
DOI :
10.1038/s41598-020-78417-9
PMID :
33293614
Czasopismo naukowe
Shortening the juvenile stage in citrus and inducing early flowering has been the focus of several citrus genetic improvement programs. FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) is a small phloem-translocated protein that regulates precocious flowering. In this study, two populations of transgenic Carrizo citrange rootstocks expressing either Citrus clementina FT1 or FT3 genes under the control of the Arabidopsis thaliana phloem specific SUCROSE SYNTHASE 2 (AtSUC2) promoter were developed. The transgenic plants were morphologically similar to the non-transgenic controls (non-transgenic Carrizo citrange), however, only AtSUC2-CcFT3 was capable of inducing precocious flowers. The transgenic lines produced flowers 16 months after transformation and flower buds appeared 30-40 days on juvenile immature scions grafted onto transgenic rootstock. Gene expression analysis revealed that the expression of SUPPRESSOR OF OVEREXPRESSION OF CONSTANS 1 (SOC1) and APETALA1 (AP1) were enhanced in the transgenics. Transcriptome profiling of a selected transgenic line showed the induction of genes in different groups including: genes from the flowering induction pathway, APETALA2/ETHYLENE RESPONSE FACTOR (AP2/ERF) family genes, and jasmonic acid (JA) pathway genes. Altogether, our results suggested that ectopic expression of CcFT3 in phloem tissues of Carrizo citrange triggered the expression of several genes to mediate early flowering.
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