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Tytuł pozycji:

Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing: The state of the art of efficacy in children and adolescent with post traumatic stress disorder.

Tytuł :
Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing: The state of the art of efficacy in children and adolescent with post traumatic stress disorder.
Autorzy :
Manzoni M; Child Psychopathology Unit, Scientific Institute IRCCS Eugenio Medea, Bosisio Parini, Italy; Psychotraumatology Research Center, Milan, Italy. Electronic address: .
Fernandez I; Psychotraumatology Research Center, Milan, Italy.
Bertella S; Child Psychopathology Unit, Scientific Institute IRCCS Eugenio Medea, Bosisio Parini, Italy.
Tizzoni F; Child Psychopathology Unit, Scientific Institute IRCCS Eugenio Medea, Bosisio Parini, Italy.
Gazzola E; Child Psychopathology Unit, Scientific Institute IRCCS Eugenio Medea, Bosisio Parini, Italy; Department of Psychology, University of Milano Bicocca, Italy.
Molteni M; Child Psychopathology Unit, Scientific Institute IRCCS Eugenio Medea, Bosisio Parini, Italy.
Nobile M; Child Psychopathology Unit, Scientific Institute IRCCS Eugenio Medea, Bosisio Parini, Italy.
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Źródło :
Journal of affective disorders [J Affect Disord] 2021 Mar 01; Vol. 282, pp. 340-347. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Jan 04.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Review; Systematic Review
Język :
English
Imprint Name(s) :
Original Publication: Amsterdam, Elsevier/North-Holland Biomedical Press.
MeSH Terms :
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy*
Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing*
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic*/therapy
Adolescent ; Anxiety Disorders/therapy ; Child ; Eye Movements ; Humans ; Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic ; Treatment Outcome
Entry Date(s) :
Date Created: 20210109 Date Completed: 20210426 Latest Revision: 20210503
Update Code :
20210623
DOI :
10.1016/j.jad.2020.12.088
PMID :
33421861
Czasopismo naukowe
Background: PTSD in youth is more common and debilitating than it was previously thought. This untreated condition is highly correlated to critical mental health condition, such as depression, anxiety disruptive-behaviours, and substance use disorders. Despite the growing number of studies investigating Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in childhood and adolescent, results have not been systematically revised since 2017. The aim of this work is to systematically reviewed all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effect of EMDR on PTSD symptoms in children and adolescent and asses whether EMDR therapy was effective to improve anxious and/or depressive symptoms.
Methods: In a short series of articles, we will review the efficacy of EMDR on children and adolescent with PTSD and comorbid symptoms. The present brief review will focus on randomized controlled trials with an EMDR group condition compared to a control group published until January 2020.
Results: eight studies (n = 150) met our inclusion criteria. Preliminary analyses showed that EMDR has a comparable efficacy to cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) in reducing PTSD, anxiety symptoms, depressive symptoms and was superior to waitlist/placebo condition. Moreover EMDR seems to be more effective in a shorter period of time.
Conclusion: despite the small number of studies, the preliminary results suggest that EMDR therapy could be an effective treatment for children and adolescent with PTSD and anxious and/or depressive symptoms. Further research is needed to support these results.
(Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier B.V.)

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