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Tytuł pozycji:

The impact of the 24-h movement spectrum on vascular remodeling in older men and women: a review.

Tytuł :
The impact of the 24-h movement spectrum on vascular remodeling in older men and women: a review.
Autorzy :
Williams JS; Vascular Dynamics Lab, Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
Dunford EC; Vascular Dynamics Lab, Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
Cheng JL; Vascular Dynamics Lab, Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
Moncion K; MacStroke Canada, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
Valentino SE; Vascular Dynamics Lab, Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
Droog CA; Vascular Dynamics Lab, Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
Cherubini JM; Vascular Dynamics Lab, Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
King TJ; Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
Noguchi KS; MacStroke Canada, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
Wiley E; MacStroke Canada, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
Turner JR; Vascular Dynamics Lab, Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
Tang A; MacStroke Canada, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
Al-Khazraji BK; Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
MacDonald MJ; Vascular Dynamics Lab, Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
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Źródło :
American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology [Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol] 2021 Mar 01; Vol. 320 (3), pp. H1136-H1155. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Jan 15.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
Język :
English
Imprint Name(s) :
Original Publication: Bethesda, Md. : American Physiological Society,
MeSH Terms :
Activity Cycles*
Aging*
Vascular Remodeling*
Cardiovascular Diseases/*prevention & control
Age Factors ; Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology ; Cardiovascular Diseases/physiopathology ; Cerebrovascular Disorders/etiology ; Cerebrovascular Disorders/physiopathology ; Cerebrovascular Disorders/prevention & control ; Female ; Health Status ; Healthy Lifestyle ; Humans ; Male ; Protective Factors ; Resistance Training ; Risk Assessment ; Risk Factors ; Risk Reduction Behavior ; Sedentary Behavior ; Sex Factors ; Sleep ; Time Factors
Contributed Indexing :
Keywords: aerobic training*; cardiovascular*; cerebrovascular*; endothelial function*; physical activity*; resistance training*; sex differences*; sleep*
Entry Date(s) :
Date Created: 20210115 Date Completed: 20210322 Latest Revision: 20210322
Update Code :
20210323
DOI :
10.1152/ajpheart.00754.2020
PMID :
33449851
Czasopismo naukowe
Aging is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events, which are preceded by early, negative remodeling of the vasculature. Low physical activity is a well-established risk factor associated with the incidence and development of disease. However, recent physical activity literature indicates the importance of considering the 24-h movement spectrum. Therefore, the purpose of this review was to examine the impact of the 24-h movement spectrum, specifically physical activity (aerobic and resistance training), sedentary behavior, and sleep, on cardiovascular and cerebrovascular outcomes in older adults, with a focus on recent evidence (<10 yr) and sex-based considerations. The review identifies that both aerobic training and being physically active (compared with sedentary) are associated with improvements in endothelial function, arterial stiffness, and cerebrovascular function. Additionally, there is evidence of sex-based differences in endothelial function: a blunted improvement in aerobic training in postmenopausal women compared with men. While minimal research has been conducted in older adults, resistance training does not appear to influence arterial stiffness. Poor sleep quantity or quality are associated with both impaired endothelial function and increased arterial stiffness. Finally, the review highlights mechanistic pathways involved in the regulation of vascular and cerebrovascular function, specifically the balance between pro- and antiatherogenic factors, which mediate the relationship between the 24-h movement spectrum and vascular outcomes. Finally, this review proposes future research directions: examining the role of duration and intensity of training, combining aerobic and resistance training, and exploration of sex-based differences in cardiovascular and cerebrovascular outcomes.

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