Posthospitalization follow-up recommendations after pediatric critical illness due to respiratory failure.
Yagiela LM; Division of Critical Care, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, Michigan, USA.; Department of Pediatrics, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, Michigan, USA.
Pfarr MA; Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.
Meert KL; Division of Critical Care, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, Michigan, USA.; Department of Pediatrics, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, Michigan, USA.
Odetola FO; Division of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.; Child Health Evaluation and Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.; Department of Pediatrics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.
Pediatric pulmonology [Pediatr Pulmonol] 2021 Feb 28. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Feb 28.
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Publication: <2005-> : Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Liss
Original Publication: [Philadelphia, PA] : W.B. Saunders, [c1985-
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Contributed Indexing :
Keywords: critical care outcomes; follow-up; outcome assessment (health care)/methods; pediatric; pediatric intensive care units; survivor
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Date Created: 20210301 Latest Revision: 20210313
Update Code :
Objectives: To characterize the recommended posthospitalization follow-up by provider type and location after a pediatric critical illness due to respiratory failure.
Working Hypothesis: After pediatric critical illness due to respiratory failure, patients will not have a standard follow-up pattern with regard to provider type or follow-up location.
Study Design: A retrospective cohort study.
Subject Selection: Children, 18 years or younger, admitted to a quaternary care pediatric intensive care unit with respiratory failure between January 1, 2013 and December 31, 2014.
Methodology: For eligible patients, recommendations for posthospitalization follow-up including provider type (primary care and specialty care) and location (community care center vs. tertiary care center) were characterized from medical chart review. Recommendations were examined for all patients and two patient subgroups (patients who received extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and patients with tracheostomy).
Results: Of 155 patients alive at hospital discharge, the median age was 2.1 (interquartile range, 0.7-10.6) years. Eighty percent of patients were instructed to follow-up with a primary care provider but only 52.9% with a pulmonologist. We found 10 unique follow-up patterns between provider location (community care center, tertiary care center, or both) and global provider type (primary care versus specialty care). Primary care follow-up was recommended more often at community locations (74.2%), whereas specialty care was more often recommended at tertiary care centers (68.6%).
Conclusions: Our study findings demonstrate significant variability in the recommendations for follow-up by provider type and location after hospitalization for acute respiratory failure and highlight areas for improvement in follow-up care after pediatric critical illness.
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