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Tytuł pozycji:

A multicentre tobacco cessation intervention study in the dental setting in Japan.

Tytuł :
A multicentre tobacco cessation intervention study in the dental setting in Japan.
Autorzy :
Nagao T; Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Aichi Gakuin University, Nagoya, Japan. Electronic address: .
Fukuta J; Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Shin-Yurigaoka General Hospital, Kawasaki, Japan.
Hanioka T; Department of Preventive and Public Health Dentistry, Fukuoka Dental College, Fukuoka, Japan.
Nakayama Y; Department of Periodontology and Research Institute of Oral Science, Nihon University School of Dentistry at Matsudo, Matsudo, Japan.
Warnakulasuriya S; Faculty of Dentistry, Oral & Craniofacial Sciences, King's College London, WHO Collaborating Centre for Oral Cancer, London, UK.
Sasaki T; Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Utsunomiya Memorial Hospital, Utsunomiya, Japan.
Shiota M; Department of Oral Implantology and Regenerative Medicine, Graduate School of Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan.
Ohno K; Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Tokyo Dental College, Suidobashi Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.
Ishigaki Y; Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, The Nippon Dental University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.
Satomura K; Department of Oral Medicine and Stomatology, School of Dental Medicine, Tsurumi University, Yokohama, Japan.
Hashimoto S; Department of Hygiene, Faculty of Medicine, Fujita Health University, Toyoake, Japan.
Goto M; Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Aichi Gakuin University, Nagoya, Japan.
Seto K; Oral Cancer Center, Southern Tohoku General Hospital, Koriyama, Japan.
Pokaż więcej
Corporate Authors :
Tobacco Cessation Intervention Study for Oral Diseases
Źródło :
International dental journal [Int Dent J] 2021 Mar 17. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Mar 17.
Publication Model :
Ahead of Print
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
Język :
English
Imprint Name(s) :
Publication: 2021- : London : Elsevier
Original Publication: London : FDI World Dental
Contributed Indexing :
Keywords: Clinical trial; Dental setting; Oral diseases; Tobacco cessation
Entry Date(s) :
Date Created: 20210321 Latest Revision: 20210321
Update Code :
20210623
DOI :
10.1016/j.identj.2021.02.002
PMID :
33743994
Czasopismo naukowe
Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of a tobacco cessation intervention conducted by different dental specialists directed at a group of patients with tobacco-related oral diseases or undergoing implant treatment.
Methods: The study design was a multicentre, nonrandomized prospective cohort study to examine the effects of smoking cessation. The target patients were current smokers (aged ≥20 years) with an oral potentially malignant disorder or periodontitis and those seeking dental implants. A total of 74 patients were enrolled in the study. All dental specialists who participated in the trial completed an e-learning Japan Smoking Cessation Training Outreach Project (J-STOP) tobacco cessation education programme. Nicotine dependence was evaluated by the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence. Cessation status was verified biochemically by measurement of salivary cotinine or exhaled carbon monoxide. Tobacco cessation intervention was implemented for 8 weeks with or without nicotine replacement therapy with follow-up for 12 months.
Results: A total of 61 patients agreed to the tobacco cessation intervention. The mean biochemically confirmed tobacco abstinence rate was 37.7% at month 3, 34.4% at month 6, and 32.8% at month 12. The highest rate of biochemically confirmed tobacco abstinence at month 12 was among patients receiving implant treatment (42.9%) followed by patients with oral potentially malignant disorder (37.1%), and those with periodontitis (21.1%).
Conclusion: This interventional study demonstrates the challenges encountered and the feasibility of tobacco cessation intervention among Japanese patients attending dental specialists who had completed an e-learning course on smoking cessation. Making tobacco cessation an integral part of patient management by dental specialists requires further evaluation.
(Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.)

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