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Influence of soil pollution on the morphology of roots and leaves of Verbascum thapsus L.

Influence of soil pollution on the morphology of roots and leaves of Verbascum thapsus L.
Chaplygin V; Southern Federal University, Bolshaya Sadovaya, 105/42, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Chernikova N; Southern Federal University, Bolshaya Sadovaya, 105/42, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation. .
Fedorenko G; Federal Research Centre the Southern Scientific Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Fedorenko A; Southern Federal University, Bolshaya Sadovaya, 105/42, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Minkina T; Southern Federal University, Bolshaya Sadovaya, 105/42, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Nevidomskaya D; Southern Federal University, Bolshaya Sadovaya, 105/42, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Mandzhieva S; Southern Federal University, Bolshaya Sadovaya, 105/42, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Ghazaryan K; Yerevan State University, Yerevan, Armenia.
Movsesyan H; Yerevan State University, Yerevan, Armenia.
Beschetnikov V; Southern Federal University, Bolshaya Sadovaya, 105/42, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Environmental geochemistry and health [Environ Geochem Health] 2022 Jan; Vol. 44 (1), pp. 83-98. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 May 29.
Typ publikacji:
Journal Article
Imprint Name(s):
Publication: 1999- : Dordrecht : Kluwer Academic Publishers
Original Publication: Kew, Surrey : Science and Technology Letters, 1985-
MeSH Terms:
Soil Pollutants*/analysis
Soil Pollutants*/toxicity
Anthropogenic Effects ; Environmental Monitoring ; Plant Leaves/chemistry
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Grant Information:
19-05-50097 Russian Foundation for Basic Research; 20-55-05014 Russian Foundation for Basic Research; AAAA-A19-119011190176-7 Russian Academy of Sciences
Contributed Indexing:
Keywords: Cells; Common mullein; Heavy metals; Plant organs; TEM; Tissue; Toxic effect
Substance Nomenclature:
0 (Soil Pollutants)
Entry Date(s):
Date Created: 20210529 Date Completed: 20220124 Latest Revision: 20220124
Update Code:
Czasopismo naukowe
The impact of inorganic pollutants in the zone of industrial wastewater settling tanks (South of Russia) was studied. The levels of Mn, Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd were determined for Verbascum thapsus L., which are part of the mesophilic succession of wild plants in the studied technogenically polluted territory. The bioavailability of heavy metals (HM) for plants from transformed soils has been established. Anatomical and morphological features in the tissues of the plants affected by HM were analyzed using light-optical and electron microscopic methods. Contamination of the soil cover with Mn, Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn, Pb and Cd has been established with maximum content of Zn. It was revealed that the HM content in the V. thapsus plants exceeded the maximum permissible levels (Russian state standard): Zn by 23, Pb by 2, Cr by 31 and Cd by 3 times. The lower level of HM content in the inflorescences of mullein plants in comparison with the root system, stems and leaves indicates the resistance of generative organs to technogenic pollution. In the root and leaves of the V. thapsus, the anatomical and ultrastructural observation were carried out using light-optical and transmission electron microscopy. Changes in the ultrastructure of plants under the influence of anthropogenic impact have been revealed. The most significant changes of the ultrastructure of the polluted plants were found in the cell organelles of leaves (mitochondria, plastids, peroxisomes, etc.) including spatial transformation of the thylakoid system of plastids during the metal accumulation by plants, which may determine the mechanism of plant adaptation to technogenic pollution.
(© 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V.)

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