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Tytuł pozycji:

The effect of intensive diabetes treatment on resting heart rate in type 1 diabetes: the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial/Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications study.

Tytuł :
The effect of intensive diabetes treatment on resting heart rate in type 1 diabetes: the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial/Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications study.
Autorzy :
Paterson AD
Rutledge BN
Cleary PA
Lachin JM
Crow RS
Diabetes Control and Complications Trial/Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications Research Group
Paterson, Andrew D
Rutledge, Brandy N
Cleary, Patricia A
Lachin, John M
Crow, Richard S
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Źródło :
Diabetes Care; Aug2007, Vol. 30 Issue 8, p2107-2112, 6p
Czasopismo naukowe
Objective: Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in individuals with type 1 diabetes. Resting heart rate (RHR) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease in the general population, and case-control studies have reported a higher RHR in individuals with type 1 diabetes. In individuals with type 1 diabetes, there is a positive correlation between A1C and RHR; however, no prospective studies have examined whether a causal relationship exists between A1C and RHR. We hypothesized that intensive diabetes treatment aimed to achieve normal A1C levels has an effect on RHR in individuals with type 1 diabetes.Research Design and Methods: A total of 1,441 individuals with type 1 diabetes who participated in the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) had their RHR measured biennially by an electrocardiogram during the DCCT and annually for 10 years during the Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications (EDIC) follow-up study.Results: During the DCCT, intensive treatment was associated with lower mean RHR than conventional treatment, both in adolescents (69.0 vs. 72.0 bpm [95% CI 62.8-75.7 and 65.7-78.9, respectively], P = 0.013) and adults (66.8 vs. 68.2 [65.3-68.4 and 66.6-69.8, respectively], P = 0.0014). During follow-up in the EDIC, the difference in RHR between the treatment groups persisted for at least 10 years (P < 0.0001).Conclusions: Compared with conventional therapy, intensive diabetes management is associated with lower RHR in type 1 diabetes. The lower RHR with intensive therapy may explain, in part, its effect in reducing cardiovascular disease, recently demonstrated in type 1 diabetes. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
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