Gingival crevicular interleukin-1 and interleukin-1 receptor antagonist levels in periodontally healthy and diseased sites.
Journal of Periodontal Research; Aug1997, Vol. 32 Issue 6, p524-529, 6p
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) molecules, IL-1α and IL-1β are cytokines involved in the acute-phase response against infection and in the pathogenesis of periodontal destruction. Administration of exogenous IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) is effective in reducing the inflammatory reactions mediated by IL-1. However, the relationship between these three naturally occurring IL-1 molecules and periodontal diseases has been poorly characterized. We investigated the correlation of gingival crevicular IL-1 molecules and the clinical status of patients with different seventies of periodontitis. IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-1ra and the total IL-1/IL-1ra ratio (IL-1 activity index; IL-1AI) were measured in 75 gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) samples from non-inflamed gingiva sites in 2 healthy subjects and diseased sites in 7 patients with several types of periodontitis. IL-1α, IL-1β and IL-1ra were measured by specific non-cross-reactive enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The probing depth, gingival index and alveolar bone loss of each site was recorded at the time of GCF sampling. The total amount of IL-1α, IL-1β and the IL-1AI, but not total IL-1ra, were found to be correlated with alveolar bone loss score. Three IL-1 molecules were also measured in the gingival tissue of patients with periodontitis. A similar progressive decrease of the IL-1AI was detected in gingival tissue with periodontitis. These results suggest that the amounts of both crevicular IL-1 and IL-1AI are closely associated with periodontal disease severity. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
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