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Tytuł pozycji:

Stratifying drug treatment of cognitive impairments after traumatic brain injury using neuroimaging.

Tytuł :
Stratifying drug treatment of cognitive impairments after traumatic brain injury using neuroimaging.
Autorzy :
Jenkins, Peter O
Simoni, Sara De
Bourke, Niall J
Fleminger, Jessica
Scott, Gregory
Towey, David J
Svensson, William
Khan, Sameer
Patel, Maneesh C
Greenwood, Richard
Friedland, Daniel
Hampshire, Adam
Cole, James H
Sharp, David J
De Simoni, Sara
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Temat :
APATHY
BRAIN injuries
THERAPEUTICS
SINGLE-photon emission computed tomography
COGNITIVE testing
NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL tests
Źródło :
Brain: A Journal of Neurology; Aug2019, Vol. 142 Issue 8, p2367-2379, 13p
Czasopismo naukowe
Cognitive impairment is common following traumatic brain injury. Dopaminergic drugs can enhance cognition after traumatic brain injury, but individual responses are highly variable. This may be due to variability in dopaminergic damage between patients. We investigate whether measuring dopamine transporter levels using 123I-ioflupane single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) predicts response to methylphenidate, a stimulant with dopaminergic effects. Forty patients with moderate-severe traumatic brain injury and cognitive impairments completed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study. 123I-ioflupane SPECT, MRI and neuropsychological testing were performed. Patients received 0.3 mg/kg of methylphenidate or placebo twice a day in 2-week blocks. Subjects received neuropsychological assessment after each block and completed daily home cognitive testing during the trial. The primary outcome measure was change in choice reaction time produced by methylphenidate and its relationship to stratification of patients into groups with normal and low dopamine transporter binding in the caudate. Overall, traumatic brain injury patients showed slow information processing speed. Patients with low caudate dopamine transporter binding showed improvement in response times with methylphenidate compared to placebo [median change = -16 ms; 95% confidence interval (CI): -28 to -3 ms; P = 0.02]. This represents a 27% improvement in the slowing produced by traumatic brain injury. Patients with normal dopamine transporter binding did not improve. Daily home-based choice reaction time results supported this: the low dopamine transporter group improved (median change -19 ms; 95% CI: -23 to -7 ms; P = 0.002) with no change in the normal dopamine transporter group (P = 0.50). The low dopamine transporter group also improved on self-reported and caregiver apathy assessments (P = 0.03 and P = 0.02, respectively). Both groups reported improvements in fatigue (P = 0.03 and P = 0.007). The cognitive effects of methylphenidate after traumatic brain injury were only seen in patients with low caudate dopamine transporter levels. This shows that identifying patients with a hypodopaminergic state after traumatic brain injury can help stratify the choice of cognitive enhancing therapy. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Copyright of Brain: A Journal of Neurology is the property of Oxford University Press / USA and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)

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