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Tytuł pozycji:

Deploying to Protect: The Effect of Military Peacekeeping Deployments on Violence Against Civilians.

Tytuł :
Deploying to Protect: The Effect of Military Peacekeeping Deployments on Violence Against Civilians.
Autorzy :
Phayal, Anup
Prins, Brandon C.
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Temat :
Źródło :
International Peacekeeping (13533312); Apr2020, Vol. 27 Issue 2, p311-336, 26p
Czasopismo naukowe
Do UN peacekeeping forces protect civilians from harm in post-war environments? Current evidence suggests that the answer to this question is yes. But extant research mostly examines this relationship at the country-level and consequently has logical difficulty tracing decreases in civilian fatalities to actual peacekeeper activities. We would have more confidence in the ability of peacekeepers to limit harm and protect non-combatants if the reduction in violence occurred locally where blue helmets were positioned. Using original geocoded data of yearly UN deployments in four Sub-Saharan African conflicts (Sudan, South Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Ivory Coast), we find that peacekeeping units get locally deployed to violent post-war areas and they reduce the level of civilian harm almost immediately. But, in areas without violent clashes between government forces and rebels, we find peacekeeping units more responsive to civilian targeting by rebels, which indicates a reluctance among peacekeepers to confront government forces that target civilians. While host nation consent is crucial for the success of a peacekeeping mission, the findings from this study caution against nurturing illiberal regimes by failing to check government atrocities. The failure to confront government abuse can jeopardize long-term peace and reconciliation. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
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