DNA-binding proteins (DBPs) play vital roles in all aspects of genetic activities. However, the identification of DBPs by using wet-lab experimental approaches is often time-consuming and laborious. In this study, we develop a novel computational method, called PredDBP-Stack, to predict DBPs solely based on protein sequences. First, amino acid composition (AAC) and transition probability composition (TPC) extracted from the hidden markov model (HMM) profile are adopted to represent a protein. Next, we establish a stacked ensemble model to identify DBPs, which involves two stages of learning. In the first stage, the four base classifiers are trained with the features of HMM-based compositions. In the second stage, the prediction probabilities of these base classifiers are used as inputs to the meta-classifier to perform the final prediction of DBPs. Based on the PDB1075 benchmark dataset, we conduct a jackknife cross validation with the proposed PredDBP-Stack predictor and obtain a balanced sensitivity and specificity of 92.47% and 92.36%, respectively. This outcome outperforms most of the existing classifiers. Furthermore, our method also achieves superior performance and model robustness on the PDB186 independent dataset. This demonstrates that the PredDBP-Stack is an effective classifier for accurately identifying DBPs based on protein sequence information alone. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
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