Impaired glucose partitioning in primary myotubes from severely obese women with type 2 diabetes.
Hinkley, J. Matthew
Kugler, Benjamin A.
Hornby, Pamela J.
Jones, Terry E.
Pories, Walter J.
Dohm, G. Lynis
Houmard, Joseph A.
TYPE 2 diabetes
American Journal of Physiology: Cell Physiology; Dec2020, Vol. 319 Issue 6, pC1011-C1019, 9p
The purpose of this study was to determine whether intramyocellular glucose partitioning was altered in primary human myotubes derived from severely obese women with type 2 diabetes. Human skeletal muscle cells were obtained from lean nondiabetic and severely obese Caucasian females with type 2 diabetes [body mass index (BMI): 23.6 ± 2.6 vs. 48.8 ± 1.9 kg/m2, fasting glucose: 86.9 ± 1.6 vs. 135.6 ± 12.0 mg/dL, n = 9/group]. 1-[14C]-Glucose metabolism (glycogen synthesis, glucose oxidation, and nonoxidized glycolysis) and 1- and 2-[14C]- pyruvate oxidation were examined in fully differentiated myotubes under basal and insulin-stimulated conditions. Tricarboxylic acid cycle intermediates were determined via targeted metabolomics. Myotubes derived from severely obese individuals with type 2 diabetes exhibited impaired insulin-mediated glucose partitioning with reduced rates of glycogen synthesis and glucose oxidation and increased rates of nonoxidized glycolytic products, when compared with myotubes derived from the nondiabetic individuals (P < 0.05). Both 1- and 2-[14C]-pyruvate oxidation rates were significantly blunted in myotubes from severely obese women with type 2 diabetes compared with myotubes from the nondiabetic controls. Lastly, concentrations of tricarboxylic acid cycle intermediates, namely, citrate (P < 0.05), cis-aconitic acid (P = 0.07), and α-ketoglutarate (P < 0.05), were lower in myotubes from severely obese women with type 2 diabetes. These data suggest that intramyocellular insulin-mediated glucose partitioning is intrinsically altered in the skeletal muscle of severely obese women with type 2 diabetes in a manner that favors the production of glycolytic end products. Defects in pyruvate dehydrogenase and tricarboxylic acid cycle may be responsible for this metabolic derangement associated with type 2 diabetes. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
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