Water-stable Cd(II)/Zn(II) coordination polymers as recyclable luminescent sensors for detecting hippuric acid in simulated urine for indexing toluene exposure with high selectivity, sensitivity and fast response.
FLUORESCENCE resonance energy transfer
Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry; 1/14/2021, Vol. 50 Issue 2, p553-561, 9p
Three novel Cd(II)/Zn(II) coordination polymers (CPs), namely [Cd(L)(BPDC)0.5H2O]·0.5H2O (1), [Zn2(L)2(BPDC)]·2H2O (2) and [Cd2(L)(BTC)H2O]·3H2O (3) (L = 4-(tetrazol-5-yl)phenyl-4,2′:6′,4′′-terpyridine, H2BPDC = 4,4′-biphenyldicarboxylic acid, and H3BTC = 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylic acid), have been successfully synthesized and characterized. CP 1 and CP 2 display new two-dimensional double-layered honeycomb frameworks containing uncoordinated nitrogen atoms from pyridine and tetrazole rings, which can easily form hydrogen bonds with various analytes. CP 3 exhibits a 3D framework also with uncoordinated nitrogen atoms from pyridine and tetrazole rings. The fluorescence explorations indicate that CPs 1–3 exhibit strong blue luminescence and excellent chemical stability under a relatively wide range of pH conditions. It is worth noting that CPs 1–3 can quantitatively detect hippuric acid (HA), which is a metabolite of toluene in human urine, with high selectivity, sensitivity, fast response and relatively low detection limits. Moreover, the sensing mechanism of CPs 1–3 for HA can mainly be ascribed to fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). CPs 1–3 could be ideal candidates as HA sensors in human urine samples for practical applications. Notably, to the best of our knowledge, we report for the first time Cd(II)/Zn(II)-based luminescent sensors for detecting HA in simulated urine. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
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