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Tytuł pozycji:

Physiological changes and compensatory mechanisms by the action of respiratory muscles in a porcine model of phrenic nerve injury.

Tytuł :
Physiological changes and compensatory mechanisms by the action of respiratory muscles in a porcine model of phrenic nerve injury.
Autorzy :
LoMauro, Antonella
Aliverti, Andrea
Perchiazzi, Gaetano
Frykholm, Peter
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Temat :
RIB cage
ARTIFICIAL respiration
Źródło :
Journal of Applied Physiology; Mar2021, Vol. 130 Issue 3, p813-826, 14p
Czasopismo naukowe
Phrenic nerve damage may occur as a complication of specific surgical procedures, prolonged mechanical ventilation, or physical trauma. The consequent diaphragmatic paralysis or dysfunction can lead to major complications. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the role of the nondiaphragmatic respiratory muscles during partial or complete diaphragm paralysis induced by unilateral and bilateral phrenic nerve damage at different levels of ventilatory pressure support in an animal model. Ten pigs were instrumented, the phrenic nerve was exposed from the neck, and spontaneous respiration was preserved at three levels of pressure support, namely, high, low, and null, at baseline condition, after left phrenic nerve damage, and after bilateral phrenic nerve damage. Breathing pattern, thoracoabdominal volumes and asynchrony, and pressures were measured at each condition. Physiological breathing was predominantly diaphragmatic and homogeneously distributed between right and left sides. After unilateral damage, the paralyzed hemidiaphragm was passively dragged by the ipsilateral rib cage muscles and the contralateral hemidiaphragm. After bilateral damage, the drive to and the work of breathing of rib cage and abdominal muscles increased, to compensate for diaphragmatic paralysis, ensuing paradoxical thoracoabdominal breathing. Increasing level of pressure support ventilation replaces this muscle group compensation. When the diaphragm is paralyzed (unilaterally and/or bilaterally), there is a coordinated reorganization of nondiaphragmatic respiratory muscles as compensation that might be obscured by high level of pressure support ventilation. Noninvasive thoracoabdominal volume and asynchrony assessment could be useful in phrenic nerve-injured patients to estimate the extent and type of inspiratory muscle dysfunction. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
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