Characterization of βARKct engineered cellular extracellular vesicles and model specific cardioprotection.
Schumacher, Sarah M.
Chuprun, J. Kurt
Koch, Walter J.
G protein coupled receptors
SYMPATHETIC nervous system
STEM cell treatment
American Journal of Physiology: Heart & Circulatory Physiology; Apr2021, Vol. 320 Issue 4, pH1276-H1289, 14p
Recent data supporting any benefit of stem cell therapy for ischemic heart disease have suggested paracrine-based mechanisms via extracellular vesicles (EVs) including exosomes. We have previously engineered cardiac-derived progenitor cells (CDCs) to express a peptide inhibitor, βARKct, of G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2, leading to improvements in cell proliferation, survival, and metabolism. In this study, we tested whether βARKct-CDC EVs would be efficacious when applied to stressed myocytes in vitro and in vivo. When isolated EVs from βARKct-CDCs and control GFP-CDCs were added to cardiomyocytes in culture, they both protected against hypoxia-induced apoptosis. We tested whether these EVs could protect the mouse heart in vivo, following exposure either to myocardial infarction (MI) or acute catecholamine toxicity. Both types of EVs significantly protected against ischemic injury and improved cardiac function after MI compared with mice treated with EVs from mouse embryonic fibroblasts; however, βARKct EVs treated mice did display some unique beneficial properties including significantly altered pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Importantly, in a catecholamine toxicity model of heart failure (HF), myocardial injections of βARKct-containing EVs were superior at preventing HF compared with control EVs, and this catecholamine toxicity protection was recapitulated in vitro. Therefore, introduction of the βARKct into cellular EVs can have improved reparative properties in the heart especially against catecholamine damage, which is significant as sympathetic nervous system activity is increased in HF. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
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