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Tytuł pozycji:

Limited surface examination to evaluate potential teratogens in a resource‐limited setting.

Tytuł :
Limited surface examination to evaluate potential teratogens in a resource‐limited setting.
Autorzy :
Holmes, Lewis B.
Nasri, Hanah Z.
Hunt, Anne‐Therese
Zash, Rebecca
Shapiro, Roger L.
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Źródło :
Birth Defects Research; May2021, Vol. 113 Issue 9, p702-707, 6p
Czasopismo naukowe
Background: To determine the frequency of malformations that would be identified in the limited surface examination of a newborn by the delivering nurse midwife in a resource‐limited setting. Methods: The limited surface examination will identify visible external anomalies, but not abnormalities inside the mouth, most heart defects, undescended testes, inguinal hernias, hip dysplasia, peripheral vascular anomalies, and some internal anomalies. The findings in a malformations surveillance program, involving 289,365 births in Boston, have been used to establish the prevalence rate of malformations that would be identified and not identified. In African countries, the number of anomalies to be identified should also be reduced by excluding polydactyly, postaxial, type B, a common minor finding, from the list of potential malformations. Results: Of note, 2.05% (n = 5,941) of the 289,365 births surveyed had one or more malformations. The abnormalities that would have been missed, using surface exam alone, accounted for 0.5% of all of malformations identified and reduced the overall prevalence rate of malformations to 1.5%. In addition, excluding all infants with isolated postaxial polydactyly, type B reduced the expected prevalence rate of malformations to 1.3% in unexposed newborn infants. Conclusion: A limited surface examination can detect the majority of malformations among newborn infants. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
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