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Tytuł pozycji:

The evolution of sociality in small, carnivorous marsupials: the lek hypothesis revisited.

Tytuł :
The evolution of sociality in small, carnivorous marsupials: the lek hypothesis revisited.
Autorzy :
Fisher, Diana
Nuske, Susan
Green, Sally
Seddon, Jennifer
McDonald, Brenda
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Temat :
CARNIVOROUS marsupials
ANIMAL sexual behavior
BODY temperature regulation
SEASONAL variations in reproduction
Źródło :
Behavioral Ecology & Sociobiology; Apr2011, Vol. 65 Issue 4, p593-605, 13p
Czasopismo naukowe
One of the few mammal species reported to have a mating system of lek promiscuity is the tree-hollow nesting marsupial, the agile antechinus, Antechinus agilis. Past conclusions about its mating system have been based on seasonal changes in social group size, sex-specific nest switching and space use. Thermoregulation has also been suggested as an explanation for variation in social behaviour in this species and its relatives. We tested predictions of the lekking and thermoregulation hypotheses to explain sociality in cavity nesting antechinuses using published data, and new data on brown and subtropical antechinuses. We found that across four species, social group size is negatively correlated with daily minimum temperature, but not with timing of breeding. Females have a matrilineal fission-fusion social system, which continues during the brief mating season, and males range increasingly further throughout their lives, contacting as many females as possible in nests. Males show no indication of fission-fusion sociality. All evidence in species other than A. agilis, and some data on A. agilis, indicate a mating system of scramble polygyny, and not lek promiscuity. We conclude that across species, thermoregulation is the main reason for seasonal variation in nesting group size in both sexes. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
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