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Title of the item:

Effect of doping level on physical properties of antimony doped nanocrystalline tin oxide films fabricated using low cost spray technique.

Title :
Effect of doping level on physical properties of antimony doped nanocrystalline tin oxide films fabricated using low cost spray technique.
Authors :
Muruganantham, G
Ravichandran, K
Saravanakumar, K
Philominathan, P
Sakthivel, B
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Subject Terms :
SEMICONDUCTOR doping
ANTIMONY
NANOCRYSTALS
STANNIC oxide
SOLAR cells
PYROLYSIS
X-ray diffraction
CHEMICAL structure
ELECTRIC properties of thin films
Source :
Surface Engineering; Jun2011, Vol. 27 Issue 5, p376-381, 6p, 1 Black and White Photograph, 1 Diagram, 3 Charts, 5 Graphs
Academic Journal
Antimony doped nanocrystalline tin oxide (SnO<subscript>2</subscript>:Sb) films have been fabricated using a low cost and simple fabrication technique using a perfume atomiser. The X-ray diffraction patterns of the antimony doped tin oxide (ATO) films show that the films are polycrystalline with tetragonal cassiterite structure having (110) plane parallel to the surface of the substrate. The preferred orientation remains constant for all the doping levels (0·5-3·0 at-%) and the degree of preferred orientation increases with increasing doping concentration in the starting solution. The intensity of the (110) plane steadily increases as the doping concentration of antimony increases. The fine quality of AFM images show that the films have homogeneous and uniform surface. The sheet resistance is found to decrease with increasing antimony doping level, attain a minimum value (6·34 Ω sq<superscript>-1</superscript>) when the doping concentration is 2·5 at-% and then increase for further doping. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]<br /><i>Copyright of Surface Engineering is the property of Taylor & Francis Ltd and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. 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