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Tytuł pozycji:

Generativity and social value orientation between rural and urban societies in a developing country.

Tytuł :
Generativity and social value orientation between rural and urban societies in a developing country.
Autorzy :
Timilsina, Raja R.
Kotani, Koji
Kamijo, Yoshio
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Temat :
CULTURAL transmission
METROPOLITAN areas
PROSOCIAL behavior
URBANIZATION
INTERGENERATIONAL relations
Źródło :
Futures; Jan2019, Vol. 105, p124-132, 9p
Czasopismo naukowe
Highlights • We empirically characterize generativity in relation to social value orientation and urbanization. • We elicit generativity, social value orientations and socioeconomic factors through household surveys in rural and urban areas of Nepal. • Prosociality and rural-specific factors positively affect generativity. • A larger proportion of people are prosocial in rural areas than in urban areas. • Further urbanization changes cultures and people's value orientation to be less generative for the future. Abstract Generativity, concern and commitment for the next generation, is an important factor in the sustainable development of a society, as intergenerational sustainability is claimed to have been compromised over the last decades. Generativity emerges through both prosocial and proself behaviors characterized by social preferences and is now hypothesized to have decreased in some urban societies; this is referred to as the "generativity crisis." However, little is known about how ongoing urbanization of competitive societies, i.e., capitalism, and social preferences are related to generativity. To this end, we conduct field experiments on social value orientation and administer a generative behavior checklist in two strata of Nepalese society: (1) the urban and (2) the rural. The analysis finds that prosociality and the rural-specific effect are the two major factors that increase people's generativity, while a larger proportion of prosocial people are found in rural areas than in urban areas. Overall, these results suggest that generativity will decrease with further urbanization, changing the economic culture and orientation of the populace so that there is less concern for future generations. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
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