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Title of the item:

Effect of growth stage and variety on spectral radiance in winter wheat

Title :
Effect of growth stage and variety on spectral radiance in winter wheat
Authors :
Sembiring, H.
Lees, H. L.
Raun, W. R.
Johnson, G. V.
Solie, J. B.
Stone, M. L.
DeLeon, M. J.
Lukina, E. V.
Cossey, D. A.
LaRuffa, J. M.
Woolfolk, C. W.
Phillips, S. B.
Thomason, W. E.
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Source :
Journal of Plant Nutrition; January 2000, Vol. 23 Issue: 1 p141-149, 9p
Before sensor-based variable rate technology (VRT) can be used to reduce nitrogen (N) fertilizer rates in winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) spectral radiance readings must be understood. One prominent issue is the impact of crop growth stage on spectral radiance readings, and the ensuing problem of relating databases gathered at different locations and different stages of growth. In order to evaluate the impact of growth stage on spectral radiance, sensor readings were taken from a winter wheat variety trial and two long-term N and phosphorus (P) fertility trials. The normalized difference vegetative index was computed using red and near infrared (NIR) spectral radiance measurements [NDVI=(NIR-red)/(NIR+red)]. TotalNuptake in winter wheat at Feekes growth stages 4, 5, 7, and 8 was highly correlated with NDVI. In the variety trial, non-significant differences in ND VI readings were noticed between the five common genotypes (by growth stage) grown in this region. However, slopes from linear regression of total N uptake on NDVI were different at different stages of growth, which suggests the need for growth stage specific calibration. Freeze injury (altered tissue color) affected the relationship between total N uptake and NDVI, however, NDVI continued to be a good predictor of in-season total N uptake in wheat even though cell blasting altered tissue color. This work showed that NDVI is a good predictor of biomass, but not necessarily total N concentration in plant tissue. The amount of variability in total N uptake as explained by NDVI increased with advancing growth stage (Feekes 4 to 7), largely due to an increased percentage of soil covered by vegetation.

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