Long-term survival after stroke in Lithuania: Data from Kaunas population-based stroke registry
People and Places
Biology and Life Sciences
Medicine and Health Sciences
Medical Risk Factors
PLoS One, San Francisco : Public Library of Science, 2019, vol. 14, no. 7, e0219392, p. 1-17
PLoS ONE, Vol 14, Iss 7, p e0219392 (2019)
Public Library of Science, 2019.
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BACKGROUND:There is a lack of reliable epidemiological data on long-term survival trends of first-ever stroke patients in Lithuanian population. AIMS:To evaluate trends in long-term survival after stroke and to determine the influence of some sociodemographic and lifestyle factors, time and subtype of stroke, and stroke care on survival. METHODS:All stroke events included in Kaunas stroke register database were ascertained and validated according to the standardized criteria outlined by the WHO MONICA Project. The study included all patients in Kaunas (Lithuania) city aged 25 to 64 years who experienced a stroke between 1986 and 2011. Death time was confirmed by the Office for National Death Statistics. Estimates of stroke long-term survival data and factors influencing survival changes were made by applying the Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analysis. RESULTS:During the study period, 4,129 persons aged 25-64 years suffered from a first-ever stroke: 2,215 (53.6%) of them were men and 1,914 (46.4%)-women. Ischemic stroke was significantly more frequent in males than in females (80.6% and 78.6%, respectively, p<0.05) and subarachnoid hemorrhage was more common in women than in men (9.0% and 7.0% respectively, p <0.05). Of all first-ever stroke patients, 3,272 (79.2%) survived 1 year and 2,905 (70.4%) survived 5 years after stroke onset. The 1- and 5-years survival rate after a first-ever stroke in women was significantly higher as compared with that in men (Log-rank test p = 0.0001). The older (55-64 year) persons had poorer 1-year and 5-years survival rate as compared with persons in the younger (25-54 years) age group (Log-rank test p = 0.0001). Among persons with a first-ever stroke who had their stroke in 2007-2011, 1- and 5-year survival rate was higher compared with that in persons who had had a stroke in 1986-1990 and in 1997-2001 (Log-rank test p = 0.0001). The persons with a first-ever ischemic stroke had a better chance to survive first 1- and 5-years after stroke compared with persons who had intracerebral or subarachnoid haemorrhage. Only female gender was associated with higher 1- and 5-year survival rate after first-ever stroke. The older age, previous myocardial infarction and diabetes mellitus were associated with lower 1- and 5-year survival rate after first-ever stroke. CONCLUSIONS:This population-based study of patients with first-ever stroke demonstrated that the long-term survival was better in women than men, and improved significantly in both men and women during the past decade. Long-term survival was better of those with first-ever ischemic stroke and of younger age- 25 to 54 years.
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