Two conformationally distinct α-synuclein oligomers share common epitopes and the ability to impair long-term potentiation
Otzen, Daniel Erik
van Diggelen, Femke
Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Transmission Electron Microscopy
Biology and Life Sciences
Research and Analysis Methods
Cellular Structures and Organelles
Medicine and Health Sciences
PLoS ONE, Vol 14, Iss 3, p e0213663 (2019)
van Diggelen, F, Hrle, D, Apetri, M, Christiansen, G, Rammes, G, Tepper, A & Otzen, D E 2019, ' Two conformationally distinct α-synuclein oligomers share common epitopes and the ability to impair long-term potentiation ', PLOS ONE, vol. 14, no. 3, 0213663 . https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0213663
Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2019.
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Parkinson's Disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease for which there currently is no cure. Aggregation of the pre-synaptic protein α-synuclein (aSN) into oligomers (αSOs) is believed to play a key role in PD pathology, but little is known about αSO formation in vivo and how they induce neurodegeneration. Both the naturally occurring polyunsaturated fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and the lipid peroxidation product 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE), strongly upregulated during ROS conditions, stimulate the formation of αSOs, highlighting a potential role in PD. Yet, insight into αSOs structure and biological effects is still limited as most oligomer preparations studied to date are heterogeneous in composition. Here we have aggregated aSN in the presence of HNE and DHA and purified the αSOs using size exclusion chromatography. Both compounds stimulate formation of spherical αSOs containing anti-parallel β-sheet structure which have the same shape as unmodified αSOs though ca. 2-fold larger. Furthermore, the yield and stabilities of these oligomers are significantly higher than for unmodified aSN. Both modified and unmodified αSOs permeabilize synthetic vesicles, show high co-localisation with glutamatergic synapses and decrease Long Term Potentiation (LTP), in line with the reported synaptotoxic effects of αSOs. We conclude that DHA- and HNE-αSOs are convenient models for pathogenic disease-associated αSOs in PD.
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