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Tytuł pozycji:

Increased Proliferation as Independent Predictor of Disease Recurrence in Initial Stage pTa Urothelial Bladder Cancer

Tytuł :
Increased Proliferation as Independent Predictor of Disease Recurrence in Initial Stage pTa Urothelial Bladder Cancer
Autorzy :
Breyer, Johannes
Shalekenov, Sanzhar
Aziz, Atiqullah
van Rhijn, Bastiaan W.G.
Bründl, Johannes
Lausenmeyer, Eva
Schäfer, Julius
Denzinger, Stefan
Giedl, Christian
Burger, Maximilian
Hartmann, Arndt
Evert, Matthias
Otto, Wolfgang
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Temat :
Research Report
recurrence
Ki-67
urothelial bladder cancer
Immunohistochemistry
Źródło :
Bladder Cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Wydawca :
IOS Press, 2017.
Rok publikacji :
2017
Oryginalny identyfikator :
pmc: PMC5545917
pmid: 28824945
Język :
English
ISSN :
2352-3735
2352-3727
DOI :
10.3233/BLC-170103
Objectives: To investigate the predictive impact of the proliferation biomarker Ki-67 on the clinical course of patients with initial stage pTa urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed all patients treated by transurethral resection of bladder tumors (TUR-B) for UCB between 1992–2004 in a single-center. Disease recurrence (≥pTa UCB) and absent tumor in histopathology, assessed by TUR-B with a non-malignant result for endoscopic suspect bladder lesion displayed endpoints. Immunohistochemical (IHC) analysis of formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissue blocks was performed with an immunostainer using a primary antibody for Ki-67. Semiquantitative evaluation of Ki-67 was performed by three reviewers. Increased proliferation was defined with a cut-off value of ≥50%. Uni- and multivariable binary regression analyses were applied to address prediction of disease recurrence. Results: 215 patients (84% male, median age 69 years at first diagnosis) were evaluable and included to the study. 89 patients stayed disease-free (41%), 126 patients showed recurrence (59%). Recurrence rates of patients with Ki-67 expression <10%, 10–24%, 25–49% and ≥50% were 14.8% vs. 30.8% vs. 63.9% and 80.7%, respectively (p < 0.001). In Kaplan-Meier analysis patients with increased proliferation ≥50% showed a statistically significant worse 10-year recurrence-free survival (19% vs. 57%, p < 0.001). Multivariable regression analysis revealed instillation treatment (p = 0.001) and high proliferation of Ki-67 (p < 0.001) to be independent predictors of recurrence in stage pTa UCB. Conclusions: High proliferation with Ki-67 expression ≥50% was strongly associated with worse recurrence-free survival in patients with initial stage pTa UCB. Stage pTa UCB patients with increased Ki-67 expression should undergo a strictly follow-up regime comparable to stage pT1 bladder carcinoma, while at least patients with Ki-67 expression <10% might be feasible for more liberate follow-up regime after evaluation of our data in randomized, prospective and multicenter studies.

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