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Tytuł pozycji:

Revisiting australian ectocarpus subulatus (phaeophyceae) from the hopkins river: distribution, abiotic environment, and associated microbiota

Tytuł :
Revisiting australian ectocarpus subulatus (phaeophyceae) from the hopkins river: distribution, abiotic environment, and associated microbiota
Autorzy :
Dittami, Simon M.
Peters, Akira F.
West, John
Cariou, Thierry
KleinJan, Hetty
Burgunter-Delamare, Bertille
Prechoux, Aurelie
Egan, Suhelen
Boyen, Catherine
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Wydawca :
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, 2019.
Rok publikacji :
2019
Język :
English
DOI :
10.1101/821579
Numer akcesji :
edsair.sharebioRxiv..557ea2bfbf2e55ed3090ca514dba5b80
Ectocarpus is a genus of common marine brown algae. In 1995 a strain of Ectocarpus was isolated from Hopkins River Falls, Victoria, Australia, constituting one of few available freshwater or nearly freshwater brown algae, and the only one belonging to Ectocarpus . It has since been used as a model to study acclimation and adaptation to low salinities and the role of its microbiota in these processes. However, little is known about the distribution of this strain or whether it represents a stable population. Furthermore, its microbiota may have been impacted by the long period of cultivation. Twenty-two years after the original finding we searched for Ectocarpus in the Hopkins River and surrounding areas. We found individuals with ITS and cox 1 sequences identical to the original isolate at three sites upstream of Hopkins River Falls, but none at the original isolation site. The osmolarity of the water at these sites ranged from 74-170 mOsmol, and it was rich in sulfate. The diversity of bacteria associated with the algae in situ was approximately one order of magnitude higher than in previous studies of the original laboratory culture, and 95 alga-associated bacterial strains were isolated from E. subulatus filaments on site. In particular, Planctomycetes were abundant in situ but rare in the laboratory-cultured strain. Our results confirm that E. subulatus has stably colonized the Hopkins River, and the newly isolated algal and bacterial strains offer new possibilities to study the adaptation of Ectocarpus to low salinity and its interactions with its microbiome.

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