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Title of the item:

Association between excess weight and beverage portion size consumed in Brazil

Title :
Association between excess weight and beverage portion size consumed in Brazil
Authors :
Ilana Nogueira Bezerra
Eudóxia Sousa de Alencar
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Subject Terms :
Adult
Food Consumption
Beverages
Risk Factors
Overweight, epidemiology
Diet Surveys
Public aspects of medicine
RA1-1270
Source :
Revista de Saúde Pública, Vol 52, Iss 0 (2018)
Publisher :
Universidade de São Paulo, 2018.
Publication Year :
2018
Collection :
LCC:Public aspects of medicine
Document Type :
article
File Description :
electronic resource
Language :
English
Spanish; Castilian
Portuguese
ISSN :
1518-8787
Relation :
http://www.scielosp.org/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-89102018000100211&lng=en&tlng=en; https://doaj.org/toc/1518-8787
DOI :
10.11606/s1518-8787.2018052000082
Access URL :
https://doaj.org/article/13f37b8b614c4af094ce560477da27bb
Accession Number :
edsdoj.13f37b8b614c4af094ce560477da27bb
Academic Journal
ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To describe the beverage portion size consumed and to evaluate their association with excess weight in Brazil. METHODS We used data from the National Dietary Survey, which included individuals with two days of food record aged over 20 years (n = 24,527 individuals). The beverages were categorized into six groups: soft drink, 100% fruit juice, fruit drink, alcoholic beverage, milk, and coffee or tea. We estimated the average portion consumed for each group and we evaluated, using linear regression, the association between portion size per group and the variables of age, sex, income, and nutritional status. We tested the association between portion size and excess weight using Poisson regression, adjusted for age, sex, income, and total energy intake. RESULTS The most frequently consumed beverages in Brazil were coffee and tea, followed by 100% fruit juices, soft drinks, and milk. Alcoholic beverages presented the highest average in the portion size consumed, followed by soft drinks, 100% fruit juice, fruit drink, and milk. Portion size showed positive association with excess weight only in the soft drink (PR = 1.19, 95%CI 1.10–1.27) and alcoholic beverage groups (PR = 1.20, 95%CI, 1.11–1.29), regardless of age, sex, income, and total energy intake. CONCLUSIONS Alcoholic beverages and soft drinks presented the highest averages in portion size and positive association with excess weight. Public health interventions should address the issue of portion sizes offered to consumers by discouraging the consumption of large portions, especially sweetened and low nutritional beverages.

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