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Tytuł pozycji:

Prevalence, Causes, and Factors Associated with Visual Impairment and Blindness among Registered Pensioners in Ghana

Tytuł :
Prevalence, Causes, and Factors Associated with Visual Impairment and Blindness among Registered Pensioners in Ghana
Autorzy :
Benjamin D. Nuertey
Kwesi Nyan Amissah-Arthur
Joyce Addai
Victor Adongo
Augustine D. Nuertey
Clement Kabutey
Isaac Asimadu Mensah
Richard Bekoe Biritwum
Pokaż więcej
Temat :
Ophthalmology
RE1-994
Źródło :
Journal of Ophthalmology, Vol 2019 (2019)
Wydawca :
Hindawi Limited, 2019.
Rok publikacji :
2019
Kolekcja :
LCC:Ophthalmology
Typ dokumentu :
article
Opis pliku :
electronic resource
Język :
English
ISSN :
2090-004X
2090-0058
Relacje :
https://doaj.org/toc/2090-004X; https://doaj.org/toc/2090-0058
DOI :
10.1155/2019/1717464
Dostęp URL :
https://doaj.org/article/3701e9433916418aa9f1c9a07f161298
Prawa :
Journal Licence: CC BY
Numer akcesji :
edsdoj.3701e9433916418aa9f1c9a07f161298
Czasopismo naukowe
Purpose. To determine the prevalence, causes, and factors associated with presenting visual impairment and blindness among pensioners. Design. A nationwide cross-sectional study. This study was part of the analysis on data obtained in the pensioners’ medical survey conducted among members of the National Pensioners Association in Ghana. Method. (i) Setting: it was a multicenter study involving thirteen centers throughout Ghana with a center in each regional capital. (ii) Study population: the study involved 4813 pensioners. (iii) Observation procedures: data were captured through the use of questionnaires, physical examinations including eye examinations, and urine and blood sample analysis. (iv) Main outcome measure: presenting visual impairment and blindness (as defined by the WHO ICD-10 classification). Results. The overall prevalence of blindness among pensioners in Ghana was 3.8% (95% CI = 3.2–4.4), while the prevalence of moderate and severe visual impairment was 21.7% (95% CI = 20.5–23.0). The prevalence of blindness was lowest in the 60–65-year-old age group (2.1% (95% CI = 1.3–2.8)) and highest in the above 80-year-old age group (12.2% (95% CI = 6.6–17.8)). Cataract was the leading cause of blindness (62.4%) and moderate and severe visual impairment (55.7%). Factors significantly associated with blindness and visual impairment include educational status, vegetarianism, arthritis, and having proteins in urine. Conclusion. There is a high prevalence of visual impairment and blindness among the pensioners in Ghana. Sadly, the greatest cause was cataract, which is correctable. Increase in formal education status will be important in the prevention of blindness and visual impairment.
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