The article examines infrastructure investment projects, their impact on the economy. The main attention is paid to road construction objects, because the road network still does not meet modern requirements. Due to the fact that infrastructure projects are diagnosed and classified according to areas of activity, systematized according to the forms of implementation, it is necessary to determine approaches to a targeted assessment of the effectiveness of such projects, depending on their classification, which are formulated in the article. Attention is focused on the need for alternative projects, which is facilitated by the digitalization of the economy. Infrastructure projects can be financed from several sources of budgets of all levels, off-budget funds, private investors ’ funds, joint and project financing, concession agreements, foreign investments and bank loans with a minimum interest rate.