Xenotransplantation is the most promising method to resolve the organ shortage problem in the future. In recent years, the advances in gene editing and immunological technique have driven the rapid development of xenotransplantation. However, there are still many insurmountable obstacles in the clinical application of xenotransplantation, among which the rejection is the most important cause of the xenotransplantation failure. Regulatory immunological cells are a group of immunological cells with the negative regulation function in the body, which can inhibit allotransplantation rejection and prolong the survival time of the graft. This paper summarized the research progress of regulatory immunological cells in the xenotransplantation application in recent years, providing reference for the prevention and treatment of xenotransplantation rejection.