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Tytuł pozycji:

Sarcoma and the 100,000 Genomes Project: our experience and changes to practice

Tytuł :
Sarcoma and the 100,000 Genomes Project: our experience and changes to practice
Autorzy :
Sophie C Prendergast
Anna‐Christina Strobl
William Cross
Nischalan Pillay
Sandra J Strauss
Hongtao Ye
Daniel Lindsay
Roberto Tirabosco
Jane Chalker
Shazia S Mahamdallie
Alona Sosinsky
RNOH Pathology Laboratory and Biobank Team
Genomics England Research Consortium
Adrienne M Flanagan
Fernanda Amary
Pokaż więcej
Temat :
cancer
genetics
genome
sarcoma
Pathology
RB1-214
Źródło :
The Journal of Pathology: Clinical Research, Vol 6, Iss 4, Pp 297-307 (2020)
Wydawca :
Wiley, 2020.
Rok publikacji :
2020
Kolekcja :
LCC:Pathology
Typ dokumentu :
article
Opis pliku :
electronic resource
Język :
English
ISSN :
2056-4538
Relacje :
https://doaj.org/toc/2056-4538
DOI :
10.1002/cjp2.174
Dostęp URL :
https://doaj.org/article/c5fa0f3501e045e8bd224bb48174ec81
Numer akcesji :
edsdoj.5fa0f3501e045e8bd224bb48174ec81
Czasopismo naukowe
Abstract The largest whole genome sequencing (WGS) endeavour involving cancer and rare diseases was initiated in the UK in 2015 and ran for 5 years. Despite its rarity, sarcoma ranked third overall among the number of patients' samples sent for sequencing. Herein, we recount the lessons learned by a specialist sarcoma centre that recruited close to 1000 patients to the project, so that we and others may learn from our experience. WGS data was generated from 597 patients, but samples from the remaining approximately 400 patients were not sequenced. This was largely accounted for by unsuitability due to extensive necrosis, secondary to neoadjuvant radiotherapy or chemotherapy, or being placed in formalin. The number of informative genomes produced was reduced further by a PCR amplification step. We showed that this loss of genomic data could be mitigated by sequencing whole genomes from needle core biopsies. Storage of resection specimens at 4 °C for up to 96 h overcame the challenge of freezing tissue out of hours including weekends. Removing access to formalin increased compliance to these storage arrangements. With over 70 different sarcoma subtypes described, WGS was a useful tool for refining diagnoses and identifying novel alterations. Genomes from 350 of the cohort of 597 patients were analysed in this study. Overall, diagnoses were modified for 3% of patients following review of the WGS findings. Continued refinement of the variant‐calling bioinformatic pipelines is required as not all alterations were identified when validated against histology and standard of care diagnostic tests. Further research is necessary to evaluate the impact of germline mutations in patients with sarcoma, and sarcomas with evidence of hypermutation. Despite 50% of the WGS exhibiting domain 1 alterations, the number of patients with sarcoma who were eligible for clinical trials remains small, highlighting the need to revaluate clinical trial design.

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